Chris Wahlheim

There are 21 included publications by Chris Wahlheim :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Adult Age Differences in Production and Monitoring in Dual-List Free Recall 2017 143 The present experiment examined adult age differences in the production and monitoring of responses in dual-list free recall. Younger and older adults studied 2 lists of unrelated words and were instructed to recall from List 1, List 2, or List 1 and...
Age differences in the focus of retrieval: Evidence from dual-list free recall 2015 111 In the present experiment, we examined age differences in the focus of retrieval using a dual-list free recall paradigm. Younger and older adults studied 2 lists of unrelated words and recalled from the first list, the second list, or both lists. Old...
Category learning strategies in younger and older adults: Rule abstraction and memorization 2016 118 Despite the fundamental role of category learning in cognition, few studies have examined how this ability differs between younger and older adults. The present experiment examined possible age differences in category learning strategies and their ef...
Characterizing adult age differences in the initiation and organization of retrieval: A further investigation of retrieval dynamics in dual-list free recall 2016 105 In a recent experiment using dual-list free recall of unrelated word lists, C. N. Wahlheim and M. J. Huff (2015) found that relative to younger adults, older adults showed: (a) impaired recollection of temporal context, (b) a broader pattern of retri...
Experience with proactive interference diminishes its effects: mechanisms of change 2010 73 In three experiments, we examined the mechanisms by which prior experience with proactive interference (PI) diminished its effects. Cued recall tasks conforming to an A–B, A–D paradigm were used to induce PI effects. Experiment 1 showed that reduced ...
Learning to diminish the effects of proactive interference: Reducing false memory for young and older adults 2010 86 Results from two experiments revealed that prior experience with proactive interference (PI) diminished PI’s effects for both young and older adults. Participants were given two rounds of experience, with different materials, in a situation that prod...
Memory consequences of looking back to notice change: Retroactive and proactive facilitation 2015 202 Three experiments contrasted recollection of change with differentiation as means of avoiding retroactive interference and proactive interference. We manipulated the extent to which participants looked back to notice change between pairs of cues and ...
Memory for flip-flopping: Detection and recollection of political contradictions 2014 60 During political campaigns, candidates often change their positions on controversial issues. Does changing positions create confusion and impair memory for a politician’s current position? In 3 experiments, two political candidates held positions on ...
Metacognitive judgments of repetition and variability effects in natural concept learning: evidence for variability neglect 2012 131 In four experiments, we examined the effects of repetitions and variability on the learning of bird families and metacognitive awareness of such effects. Of particular interest was the accuracy of, and bases for, predictions regarding classification ...
On the importance of looking back: The role of recursive remindings in recency judgments and cued recall 2013 79 Suppose that you were asked which of two movies you had most recently seen. The results of the experiments reported here suggest that your answer would be more accurate if, when viewing the later movie, you were reminded of the earlier one. In the pr...
Predicting memory performance under conditions of proactive interference: Immediate and delayed judgments of learning 2011 84 Four experiments examined the monitoring accuracy of immediate and delayed judgments of learning (JOLs) under conditions of proactive interference (PI). PI was produced using paired-associate learning tasks that conformed to variations of classic A–B...
Proactive effects of memory in young and older adults: The role of change recollection 2014 57 Age-related deficits in episodic memory are sometimes attributed to older adults being more susceptible to proactive interference. These deficits have been explained by impaired abilities to inhibit competing information and to recollect target infor...
Remembering change: The critical role of recursive remindings in proactive effects of memory 2013 92 In three experiments, we examined the role of the detection and recollection of change in proactive effects of memory in a classic A–B, A–D paradigm. Participants studied two lists of word pairs that included pairs repeated across lists (A–B, A–B), p...
The role of detection and recollection of change in list discrimination 2013 45 In two experiments, we examined the importance of the detection and recollection of change for list discrimination. Two lists of pairs were presented, with the right-hand member being changed between lists for some pairs. Participants in Experiment 1...
The role of reminding in the effects of spaced repetitions on cued recall: Sufficient but not necessary 2014 82 Three experiments examined the role of study-phase retrieval (reminding) in the effects of spaced repetitions on cued recall. Remindings were brought under task control to evaluate their effects. Participants studied 2 lists of word pairs containing ...
Self-regulated learning of a natural category: Do people interleave or block exemplars during study? 2013 93 Despite decades of research focused on the representation of concepts, little is known about the influence of self-regulatory processes when learning natural categories. Such work is vital, as many contexts require self-regulation when we form comple...
Simultaneous Versus Sequential Presentation in Testing Recognition Memory for Faces 2015 108 Three experiments examined the issue of whether faces could be better recognized in a simultaneous test format (2- alternative forced choice [2afc]) or a sequential test format (yes–no). all experiments showed that when target faces were present in t...
Spacing enhances the learning of natural concepts: an investigation of mechanisms, metacognition, and aging 2011 109 In two experiments, we examined spacing effects on the learning of bird families and metacognitive assessments of such learning. Results revealed that spacing enhanced learning beyond massed study. These effects were increased by presenting birds in ...
Study preferences for exemplar variability in self-regulated category learning 2017 76 Increasing exemplar variability during category learning can enhance classification of novel exemplars from studied categories. Four experiments examined whether participants preferred variability when making study choices with the goal of later clas...
Test-enhanced learning of natural concepts: Effects on recognition memory, classification, and metacognition 2010 138 Three experiments examined testing effects on learning of natural concepts and metacognitive assessments of such learning. Results revealed that testing enhanced recognition memory and classification accuracy for studied and novel exemplars of bird f...
Testing can counteract proactive interference by integrating competing information 2015 84 Testing initially learned information before presenting new information has been shown to counteract the deleterious effects of proactive interference by segregating competing sources of information. The present experiments were conducted to demonstr...