|The assessment of cognition/intelligence in infancy
||This article will review the development of infant cognitive assessment and will describe selected tests. Considerations in choosing, administering, and interpreting the results of infant intelligence/cognitive assessment instruments will be outlined...
|An Attribution Training Program with Learning Disabled Children
||Based on the success of attribution training programs in alleviating learned helplessness and upon current research suggesting that some learning disabled children may be experiencing learned helplessness, it was the purpose of the present investigat...
|Behavioral Treatment of CPR Anxiety: A Case Study
||A 23-year-old mother with a previously documented psychiatric history experienced extreme anxiety regarding the potential need to resuscitate her infant from recurrent life-threatening apnea. Before discharge on a home monitor, the mother was treated...
|A Collaborative Approach to Eliminating Street Drug Markets through Focused Deterrence
||This report presents the evaluation process and findings from the grant, A Collaborative Approach to Eliminating Street Drug Markets through Focused Deterrence. This action research was conducted by a team of researchers from The University of North...
|College: An Option for People with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities
||In August of every year, a familiar scene unfolds in communities across the nation. The exodus from home communities to college campuses has begun! This is an exciting, but anxiety-producing time for many young adults. It is a time of letting go for ...
|Contextual Risk and Parental Attributions of Children’s Behavior as Factors that Influence the Acceptability of Empirically Supported Treatments
||This study examined the acceptability of several empirically supported treatments (child social skills training, parent training and medication) within a sample of low-income African American mothers of a preschooler exhibiting significant disruptive...
|Critical issues in the assessment of attention deficit disorders in children
||A great deal of research has been directed toward understanding the general principles that govern attention. More specifically, research has sought to define the multidimensional nature of attention, the neuroanatomical system responsible for attent...
|Educational Attainment as a Social Determinant of Health.
||A review of the current literature on the relationship between
health outcomes and level of education provides points for
consideration by providers and policymakers wishing to
address social and economic determinants of health and
|Family Empowerment as a Mediator between Family-Centered Systems of Care and Changes in Child Functioning: Identifying an Important Mechanism of Change
||We investigated the associations among perceived fidelity to family-centered systems of care, family empowerment, and improvements in children's problem behaviors. Participants included 79 families, interviewed at two time points across a one-year pe...
|Family-centered care in pediatric practice: When and how
||When a group of families and professionals sat down more than 10 years ago to summarize what leads to more effective care, it was an exciting but somewhat overwhelming task. However, since the articulation of the key elements of family-centered care ...
|Feasibility and Initial Efficacy Testing of an HIV Prevention Intervention for Black Adolescent Girls
||HIV is disproportionately prevalent among Blacks. Black women most often contract HIV from having risky sex, and adolescence is a time when risky sex behaviors peak. This study tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of an intervention designed t...
|The history and diagnosis of attention- deficit/ hyperactivity disorder
||This paper briefly discusses the history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) before proceeding to review and critique the recently published DSM-IV criteria for ADHD as well as the draft ICD-10 criteria proposed for its counterpart, th...
|How to Avoid Stumbling While “Walking the Talk”: Supporting the Promise of Authentic Partnerships
||This article discusses challenges faced by research centers engaging in community partnerships, as well as potential solutions. While many challenges in community-campus partnerships involve the engagement of community and the characteristics of the ...
|Interrupted Infantile Apnea: Impact on Early Development, Temperament, and Maternal Stress
||The early cognitive and motor development and temperament characteristics of 25 infants with interrupted infantile apnea and the degree and source of stress experienced by their mothers were compared to the same dimensions in a sample of 25 control i...
|Maternal Perceptions of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
||The purpose of the present study was to examine the maternal perceptions of the psychosocial sequelae regarding the loss of an infant to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and the effectiveness of the informal and organized sources of support. Seven...
|Multi-method psycho-educational intervention for preschool children with disruptive behavior: Preliminary results at post-treatment
||Annual screenings of preschool children at kindergarten registration identified 158 children having high levels of aggressive, hyperactive, impulsive, and inattentive behavior. These ?disruptive? children were randomly assigned to four treatment cond...
|Multimethod assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The diagnostic utility of clinic-based tests
||Investigated the utility of two clinic-based tests, the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT; Kagan, 1966) and a version of the Continuous Performance Test (CPT; Gordon, 1983), in the assessment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disord...
|Multimethod psychoeducational intervention for preschool children with disruptive behavior: Two year post-treatment follow-up
||This paper describes the 2-year post-treatment follow-up of preschool children identified as having high levels of disruptive behavior at kindergarten entry. They were assigned to four treatment conditions: A no-treatment group, parent-training only,...
|Parent and Teacher Ratings of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschool: The ADHD Rating Scale-IV Preschool Version
||Efforts for early identification and intervention for children with AD/HD have necessitated the development of rating scales of behavior for the preschool population. The standardization, reliability, and validity data were presented for the ADHD Rat...
|Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance: A Multiple Mediational Analysis
||Parent involvement in a child's education is consistently found to be positively associated with a child's academic performance. However, there has been little investigation of the mechanisms that explain this association. The present study examines ...
|Parent training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Its impact on parent functioning
||This study examined changes in parent functioning resulting from parental participation in a behavioral parent training (PT) program specifically designed for school-aged children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Relative to wait...
|Parenting Stress Among Families of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
||Prior research has shown that parenting stress levels can be quite high among families of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated the degree to which such stress was related not only to the child's ADHD,...
|Patient- and Family-Centered Care: Partnerships for Quality and Safety
||Patient- and family-centered care is an approach to the planning, delivery, and evaluation of health care that is grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships among health care providers, patients, and families. It redefines the relationships in heal...
|Predicting stability and change in toddler behavior problems: Contributions of maternal behavior and child gender.
||This study examined the stability and continuity of early-identified behavior problems and the factors associated with this stability. Children and their mothers (N = 125) were seen when the children were 2 and 4 years of age. Maternal reports of chi...
|Preschool children with disruptive behavior: Three-year outcome as a function of adaptive disability
||A significant discrepancy between intelligence and daily adaptive functioning, or adaptive disability (AD), has been previously found to be a associated with significant psychological morbidity in preschool children with disruptive
behavior (DB). Th...
|Psychiatric and psychological morbidity as a function of adaptive disability in preschool children with aggressive and hyperactive-impulsive-inattentive behavior
||Children with high levels of aggressive-hyperactive-impulsive-inattentive behavior (AHII; n = 154) were subdivided into those with (n = 38) and without (n = 116) adaptive disability (+AD/-AD) defined as a discrepancy between expected versus actual ad...
|Psychobiological Models of Adolescent Risk: Implications for Prevention and Intervention
||Psychobiological models of risk have much to contribute to the prevention of and intervention with risky behavior among adolescents. Emerging research is beginning to provide better information about mechanisms underlying individual differences in ri...
|Regulatory Contributors to Children’s Kindergarten Achievement.
||The present study sought to examine whether preschool children’s emotion regulation, problem behaviors, and kindergarten behavioral self-regulation in the classroom were predictors of kindergarten achievement scores. The children (N = 122, 47% male a...
|Resident Perceptions of an Overt Drug Elimination Strategy
||Open-air drug markets are destructive to communities and negatively influence community residents. To combat open-air drug markets, a data-driven, focused deterrence approach drawn from David Kennedy’s “pulling levers” framework was used in two North...
|Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use During Adolescence
||The purpose of this study was to increase the knowledge base of adolescent substance use by examining the influences of risk and protective factors for specific substance use, namely alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Participants included 271 adole...
|The role of parent training groups in the treatment of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
||Within the fields of child development and child clinical psychology, recognition is growing of the important role that families, in particular parents, play in the growth and development of children. Compared with a simplistic unidirectional view, r...
|A Street-Drug Elimination Initiative: The Law Enforcement Perspective
||Purpose– The purpose of this study is to elucidate the elements, developmental stages, and operational steps of an open-air drug market intervention employed in two North Carolina communities in an effort to produce a model that can be duplicated by ...
|Systematic Observations of Neighborhood Order: Assessing the Methodology in Evaluating a Community-based Initiative
||A systematic pre- and postintervention neighborhood observation constituted one component of the evaluation of an initiative to eliminate a street-drug market. Analysis focused on multiple indicators of social and physical order and disorder, as well...
|Using Mental Health Consultation to Decrease Disruptive Behaviors in Preschoolers: Adapting an Empirically-Supported Intervention
||Background- This study examined the effectiveness of an adaptation of an empirically-supported intervention delivered using mental health consultation to preschoolers who displayed elevated disruptive behaviors.
Method- Ninety-six preschoolers, th...
|Utilization of Individual versus Family Therapy among Adolescents with Severe Emotional Disturbance
||Service utilization patterns among children with severe emotional and/or behavioral disturbances are described for 89 children and families, interviewed at two time points across a 6-month period. Children received a greater number of individual ther...