Stephens, Robert

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There are 31 item/s.

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
The role of folklore in Hawthorne's literary nationalism 1976 487 Although Hawthorne's use of folklore material has been previously studied, no attempt has been made prior to this study to relate that usage to Hawthorne's attempt to establish himself as an American writer. The central contention of this study is th...
The critical reputation of Kate Chopin 1978 779 In the course of literary history, reviewers and critics alike have had through their by-products--the book review and the critical essay--a powerful impact upon the prosperities of many a literary career. One case in point was the aborted writing ca...
George W. Cable's use of the Bible in his fiction and major polemical essays 1980 414 Like many of his contemporaries, George W. Cable was imbued with a knowledge of the Bible and was steeped in its idiom. Cable used this thorough knowledge both to enhance and to give substance to his art. His bellestristic and polemical works show hi...
Place and setting in the work of Sarah Orne Jewett 1980 176 Although Sarah Orne Jewett's active career extended over thirty-four years, studies of her work have tended to ignore its chronological development, and in spite of the admitted importance of her settings relatively little attention has been given to...
"United essential harmony" : the Puritan perception of Edward Taylor 1979 255 Contrary to much modern opinion, the American Puritans, in the words of Edward Taylor, expected their doctrine to yield "United Essential harmony." This study is an attempt to find the harmony of which Taylor spoke in terms of some of his more promin...
The prison of the self : images of entrapment, retreat, and release in the novels of Robert Penn Warren 1986 87 Robert Penn Warren, the first poet laureate of the United States, has published ten novels, in which he employs the largely poetic device of imagery to aid in the development of his favorite theme, man’s search for self-knowledge in the modem world....
Free Southern Theater : there is always a message 1986 66 The Free Southern Theater (FST) was one of the first Black people’s theatres of the 1960s. It was founded by John O'Neal and Gilbert Moses in Jackson, Mississippi, in 1963 but soon moved to New Orleans where it headquartered for the better part of tw...
Until the red heart beats : rhetorical fusion in the fiction of Toni Morrison 1993 42 Toni Morrison has created a sort of fiction that blends poetic techniques with prose narrative for the express purpose of changing the reader's encounter with her texts from observation to active participation, evoking engagement of the heart as well...
I.A. Richards and the ambiguous medium 1963 60 The plight of poetry today is something of which too few people are aware at all, and with which too many of those concerned often deal with a paralyzlngly heavy hand. Outside the golden circle of professional literary people Is a handful of individu...
The descent motif in the American naturalistic novel 1963 34 The American Naturalistic novel has been called by many neople a novel of despair. It was a novel produced by currents of thought prevalent in the late nineteenth century --the scientific attitude, the theories of economic determinism, dialectical ma...
Roars of laughter : a study of the use of laughter as a sound-image motif in selected short stories and tales of Nathaniel Hawthorne 1964 394 The purpose of this thesis is to study Hawthorne 's use of ironic laughter as a sound-image motif pointing to the presence of evil. Hawthorne's concept of sin grows out of his world-view inherited from the Puritan ancestors and Elizabethan literature...
Three inconsistencies in Hawthorne's unfinished romance : Septimius Felton 1964 56 When Nathaniel Hawthorne died in I864, his family discovered four unfinished romances among his manuscripts. One of these fragments, Septimius Felton, attracts interest because it is the length of a novel and has a conclusion. The question immediatel...
Personal symbolism in the study of selected tales of Edgar A. Poe 1964 250 The purpose of this paper is to study selected tales of Edgar Allan Poe in the light of the expressive theory of criticism. Linking of the studies of Poe's biography and his imaginative works has become more frequent and more meaningful due to the de...
Glenwar Wescott's Apartment in Athens : a novel of instruction and revelation 1965 49 Glenray Wescott's novel Apartment in Athens (1945), the last fictional work published by the American author, differs markedly in style, intent, subject matter, and scope from Wescott's earlier novels-- The Apple of the Eye(1924), The Grandmothers (...
Nathaniel Hawthorne's satire of Transcendentalism in "The Artist of the Beautiful" 1965 162 The consensus among modern critics is that Nathaniel Hawthorne's story "The Artist of the Beautiful" is a type of parable that may be given various interpretations, all of which cast the artist as an admirable character opposed to forces that seek to...
Hemingway's critical reception in Spain from 1940 to the present 1966 17 In Roger Asselineau's The Literary Reputation of Hemingway in Europe (1965), the absence of a survey of Hemingway's critical reception in Spain confirmed what was already apparent: that no survey of criticism written in Spain was available. Asselinea...
Sarah Orne Jewett : New England Pastoralist 1968 131 In "Sarah Orne Jewett: New England Pastoralist" I have tried to demonstrate that an old tradition may be used to understand modern fiction, that the pastoral elements in Jewett must be reckoned with if one is to appreciate fully her best work, and th...
Hawthorne's use of mirror symbolism in his writings 1968 363 Throughout the course of Nathaniel Hawthorne's writing one notes an extensive use of mirrors and other reflecting objects—brooks, lakes, fountains, pools, suits of armor, soap bubbles, the pupils of people's eyes, and others. Surprisingly enough, few...
Djuna Barnes and experimental narration : a study of character-narration in the poetry, fiction, and drama of Djuna Barnes with a detailed analysis of its use in her novel, Nightwood 1968 122 "For years one has dreamed of Paris," wrote Djuna Barnes In 1922, "...thinking in my heart of all unknown churches... Paris evenings...and children trying not to grow out of their clothes before they can get around the corner and home, and a slow haz...
Carson McCullers' The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter : isolation and self-fulfillment 1968 91 In this paper, I approach Mrs. McCullers' The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter through a close reading of the text. One can consider the novel as social commentary, as representative of the rather loose genre of Southern gothic writing, or as an expression o...
The influence of Camoe¨ns' Lusiad on Melville's Moby-Dick 1969 96 This study is an analysis of the possible influence of the Portuguese epic, The Lusiad (1572) on the form, style and spirit of Herman Melville's American epic, Moby-Dick (1851). Chapter I indicates Melville's constant practice of borrowing from other...
The archetypal dark woman in Hemingway's fiction : the American bitch versus the European dark lady 1969 105 This thesis attempts to correct the widely accepted critical theory that Hemingway's fictional women being to one of two opposites--angel or devil--and are therefore unrealistic caricatures instead of real women. On the contrary, the archetype of the...
The legacy of romantic love in The great Gatsby and The sun also rises 1970 106 The purpose of this paper is to study The Great Gatsby and The Sun Also Rises in the light of Denis de Rougemont's conception of Courtly Love, showing how the two novels manifest the persistency of the Tristan Myth, as well as the process of degradat...
The romantic concept of the poet-prophet and its culmination in Walt Whitman 1970 43 One of the outstanding characteristics of the Romantic period was the widespread urge to find an acceptable substitute for the religious faith of earlier centuries. The Age of Enlightenment had given popular acceptance to the theory that there was no...
The change that makes the movement that makes the Hemingway short story : a study in technique 1970 324 This thesis commences from a statement concerning the conception of the short story made by Ernest Hemingway in a 1954 interview in which he stressed the importance of the elements of change and movement. The work contends that Hemingway, by a consci...
Hemingway and pictorial art 1970 115 Hemingway's fiction, nonfiction and statements from interviews contain numerous references to pictorial artists. This study analyzes these references with the intention of clarifying his relationship to painting. By doing so, it sheds new light on He...
The critical reception of Reynolds Price from 1961 through 1966 1970 22 The purpose of this study is to determine the critical reception, from I961 through 1966, of Reynolds Price's first three books: A Long and Happy Life, The Names and Faces of Heroes, and A Generous Man. Chronological checklists of reviews indicate ea...
Allusions in Ernest Hemingway's The sun also rises 1971 372 The Sun Also Rises represents Ernest Hemingway's first serious endeavor as a novelist. For that reason alone, an extended study is meaningful. However, in this novel, Hemingway has made extensive and effective use of the technique of allusion, a lite...
Hemingway's religion of death : the cult of the bullring 1972 91 This paper represents my attempt to link two important forces in Hemingway, death and primitivism, and to trace their logical development into the cult of the bullring. In a world that had obtained a temporary peace, it was only in Spain and in bullf...
Emerson's redefinition of the literary hero in the nineteenth century by means of a reinterpretation of the heroic trait nature as presented by Lord Byron and Thomas Carlyle 1974 83 The problem taken up in this study involves Emerson's presentation of an heroic figure to America in the mid-nineteenth century. The problem arises from the earlier heroic tradition, exemplified by Byron and Carlyle, which presented the hero in terms...
The American vocabulary, the colloquial style, and the oratorical mode : influences on Whitman's 1855 "Song of Myself" 1975 146 In the 1855 edition of "Song of Myself" Walt Whitman achieved a distinctively American expression and created at the same time a highly individualistic poem through his combination of three elements —an American vocabulary which included slang, a col...