Oil Extraction And The Changing Dynamics Of Pastoral Conflicts: A Conjoint Experiment In Turkana, Kenya

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Dr.. Hye-Sung Kim, Assistant Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Communities inhabiting the arid and semi-arid areas of eastern Africa have long suffered from and engaged in pastoral conflicts. However, since some countries in the region became oil producers, the conditions affecting pastoral conflicts have changed. This study examines how oil extraction may influence pastoral conflicts by using a survey experiment conducted in Turkana County, Kenya, on a sample of 801 respondents. The study finds that overall, respondents’ perceived risks of pastoral conflicts decrease when they are primed about the consequences of oil extraction leading to fundamental changes in pastoral livelihoods, such as an increase in employment opportunities in the oil sector and rapid social changes. The residents of Turkana view pastoral conflicts as customary as long as pastoralism continues and fundamental changes to pastoralism-based livelihoods originating from oil discovery and extraction may lead to a decrease in the pastoralist population engaging in pastoral conflicts.

Additional Information

Kim H-S. Oil extraction and the changing dynamics of pastoral conflicts: a conjoint experiment in Turkana, Kenya. Journal of Modern African Studies. 2023;61(1):23-47. Publisher version of record available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X22000398
Language: English
Date: 2023
Experiment, Kenya, oil extraction, pastoral conflict, Turkana

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