Free-throw shooting during dual-task performance: Implications for attentional demand and performance

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jennifer L. Etnier, Professor (Creator)
Diane L. Gill, Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:

Abstract: In this study, the dual-task paradigm was used to determine peak attentional demand during the free-throw process. Thirty participants completed 40 free-throw trials. The free throw was the primary task, but participants also verbally responded to a tone administered at one of four probe positions (PP). Repeated measures analysis of variance showed no significant difference in free-throw performance across PPs, indicating participants were able to keep the free throw as the primary task. Repeated measures analysis of response time (RT) showed significant differences, with RT at PP1 (preshot routine) and PP2 (first upward motion of the ball) significantly higher than baseline RT. These results suggest that PP1 requires the greatest attentional demand, followed by PP2.

Additional Information

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80(4), 718-726
Language: English
Date: 2009
basketball, capacity theory, dual-task paradigm, reaction time

Email this document to