Synergistic Proapoptotic Activity of Recombinant Trail Plus the AKT Inhibitor Perifosine in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Cells

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Andrea Bontadini (Creator)
Roberta Bortul (Creator)
Francesca Chiarini (Creator)
Lucio Cocco (Creator)
Camilla Evagelisti (Creator)
Alberto M. Martelli (Creator)
Giovanni Martinelli (Creator)
James A. McCubrey (Creator)
Veronica Papa (Creator)
Francesca Ricci (Creator)
Giovanna Tabellini (Creator)
Pier Luigi Tazzari (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: To potentiate the response of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells to TNF-Related Apoptosis- Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) cytotoxicity we have examined the efficacy of a combination with perifosine a novel phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling inhibitor. The rationale for using such a combination is that perifosine was recently described to increase TRAIL-R2 receptor expression and decrease the cellular FLICE-Inhibitory Protein (cFLIP) in human lung cancer cell lines. Perifosine and TRAIL both induced cell death by apoptosis in the THP-1 AML cell line which is characterized by constitutive PI3K/Akt activation but lacks functional p53. Perifosine at concentrations below IC50 dephosphorylated Akt and increased TRAIL-R2 levels as demonstrated by western blot RT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis. Perifosine also decreased the long isoform of cFLIP (cFLIP-L) and the X-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (XIAP) expression. Perifosine nd TRAIL synergized to activate caspase-8 and induce apoptosis which was blocked by a caspase- 8 selective inhibitor. Upregulation of TRAIL-R2 expression was dependent on a protein kinase Cα/ c-Jun-NH2-kinase 2/c-Jun signaling pathway activated by perifosine through reactive oxygen species production. Perifosine synergized with TRAIL also in primary AML cells displaying constitutive activation of the Akt pathway by inducing apoptosis Akt dephosphorylation TRAIL-R2 pregulation cFLIP-L and XIAP downregulation and c-Jun phosphorylation. The combined treatment negatively affected the clonogenic activity of CD34+ cells from AML patients. In contrast CD34+ cells from healthy donors were resistant to perifosine and TRAIL treatment. Our findings suggest that the combination perifosine and TRAIL might offer a novel therapeutic strategy for AML. Originally published Cancer Research Vol. 68 No. 22 Nov 2008

Additional Information

Cancer Research. 68:22(November 2008) p. 9394-9403.
Language: English
Date: 2011
akt signaling, Apoptosis, caspase-8, TRAIL, combination therapy

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