Validation and Use of an Instrument to Measure the Learning Environment as Perceived by Medical Students

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jammie Price Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Background: Aiming to inform curriculum changes in medical school, we developed, administered, and validated a 31-question survey to measure the learning environment as perceived by medical students. Description: We administered the survey annually in 4 medical school classes in a Southeastern medical school from May 1994 through May 1997 (N = 619). Evaluation: The survey responses reflected 3 dimensions of the medical school learning environment: the teacher-learner relationship (T-L R), the physician-patient relationship (Phys-Pt R), and self-efficacy. We found that the 3 dimensions are equally valid and reliable for all students, but that the mean values on all 3 dimensions differed by year in school and number of survey responses. Conclusions: As students progress through school, they perceive deteriorating T-L Rs, feel diminishing self-efficacy, and accord less value to the Phys-Pt R. Based on these results, we developed training programs for faculty members to promote teaching attributes known to facilitate relationship formation between teacher and learner, and learner-centered and self-directed learning.

Additional Information

Publication
Pololi, L. and Price, J. (2000) Validation and Use of an Instrument to Measure the Learning Environment as Perceived by Medical Students. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 12(4):201-207 (Autumn 2000). Published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (ISSN: 1040-1334).
Language: English
Date: 2000