Relationship Between Shoulder and Elbow lsokinetic Peak Torque, Torque Acceleration Energy, Average Power, and Total Work and Throwing Velocity in Intercollegiate Pitchers

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David H. Perrin, Provost and Executive Vice Chancellor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: The relationship between several isokinetic measures and throwing velocity was investigated in intercollegiate baseball pitchers. Ten pitchers were tested for peak torque (PT) at 60 and 240 deg/sec , and torque acceleration energy (TAE), average power (A P) and total work (T W) at 240 deg/sec during shoulder extension and flexion, shoulder internal and external rotation, and elbow flexion and extension on a Cybex isokinetic dynamometer interfaced with a Cybex Data Reduction Computer. Throwing velocity was measured with an M .P . H. K- I 5 tripod-mounted radar device during a second test session. Pearson Product Moment correlations- were computed to determine the relationship between throwing velocity and each isokinetic measure for each muscle group tested. The correlations between throwing velocity and isokinetic measures obtained during shoulder flexion and extension and elbow flexion and extension were not significant. During shoulder internal rotation (240 , , significant correlations were found between throwing velocity and PT (r = . 66, p< .05 ), TAE (r = .68, p<. 05), AP (r= .80, p<.01) and TW (r = .81 , p< .01 ). Significant correlations were also observed between throwing velocity and shoulder external rotation (240 deg/sec) PT (r = . 75 , p< . 05 ), AP (r= .76, p<.05), and TW (r = . 78, p< .05 ). Correlations between throwing velocity and shoulder internal and external rotation PT at 60 deg/sec were not significant. While these findings do not establish a cause and effect relationship, they do suggest a specificity of exercise for the shoulder internal and external rotator muscle groups. Also, because significant correlations for PT were found only at 240 deg/ sec, isokinetic assessment and training may be most appropriate at fast speeds of contraction.

Additional Information

Publication
Athletic Training, 24, 129-132
Language: English
Date: 1989
Keywords
Isokinetic Measures, Throwing Velocity, Pitchers