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A novel role for myosin II in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Paul A. Steimle, Assistant Professor (Creator)
Franklin Kent Fulcher (Contributor)
Yashomati M. Patel, Associate Professor (Contributor)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake requires the activation of several signaling pathways to mediate the translocation and fusion of GLUT4 vesicles from an intracellular pool to the plasma membrane. The studies presented here show that inhibition of myosin II activity impairs GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake but not GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane. We also show that adipocytes express both myosin IIA and IIB isoforms, and that myosin IIA is recruited to the plasma membrane upon insulin stimulation. Taken together, the data presented here represent the first demonstration that GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake is a myosin II-dependent process in adipocytes. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that myosin II is activated upon insulin stimulation and recruited to the cell cortex to facilitate GLUT4 fusion with the plasma membrane. The identification of myosin II as a key component of GLUT4-mediated glucose uptake represents an important advance in our understanding of the mechanisms regulating glucose homeostasis.

Additional Information

Publication
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. June 17, 331(4): 1560-1565
Language: English
Date: 2005
Keywords
Myosin II, Blebbistatin, Glucose uptake, Adipocytes