Predictors and trajectories of educational functioning in college students with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Arthur D. Anastopoulos, Professor and Director of ADHD Clinic (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: College students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk than peers for impaired educational functioning; however, little is known regarding their longitudinal academic outcomes. This study examined: (a) differences between ADHD and control participants in academic outcomes (i.e., semester GPA, credits attempted, credits earned) over the first two years of college, and (b) factors that predict second year outcomes. A sample of 456 students (50% with ADHD; 51.8% female; 71.7% Caucasian) from 10 universities completed two annual assessments. Compared to students without ADHD, students with ADHD experience more academic difficulties that persist over two years. Motivation to study reported in year one was a significant predictor of year two GPA, suggesting the importance of providing services as early as possible to support students before they struggle.

Additional Information

Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(2), 161-178.
Language: English
Date: 2018
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, educational functioning, longitudinal analysis

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