|Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Mother-adolescent interactions, family beliefs and conflicts, and maternal psychopathology.
||A group of 83 adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were subdivided into those with ADHD alone (n = 27) and those with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ADHD/ODD, n = 56). They were compared to each other and a commun...
|Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Patterns of behavioral adjustment, academic functioning, and treatment utilization.
||Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared with a control group on a comprehensive assessment battery. More ADHD teenagers had oppositional defiant disorder (68%) and conduct disorder (39%) and were rated as more i...
|Angiogenic, neurotrophic, and inflammatory system SNPs moderate the association between birth weight and ADHD symptom severity
||Low birth weight is associated with increased risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); however, the etiological underpinnings of this relationship remain unclear. This study investigated if genetic variants in angiogenic, dopaminergi...
|Are negative automatic thoughts associated with ADHD in Adulthood?
||Recent randomized controlled trials indicate that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an efficacious treatment. Although treatments for adults with ADHD target negative automatic thoug...
|Assessing ADHD symptomatic behaviors and functional impairment in school settings: Impact of student and teacher characteristics
||The purpose of the present study was to examine (a) the teacher-reported prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and associated impairment in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents and (b) the de...
|Assessing culturally different students for AD/HD using behavior rating scales.
||Behavior rating scales are commonly used in the assessment of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, there is little information available concerning the extent to which scales are valid with culturally different students. This stu...
|An attribution training study with learning disabled children.
||Based on the success of attribution training programs in alleviating learned helplessness and upon current research suggesting that some learning disabled children may be experiencing learned helplessness, it was the purpose of the present investigat...
|The ATXN1 and TRIM31 genes are related to intelligence in an ADHD background: Evidence from a large collaborative study totaling 4,963 Subjects.
||Intelligence is a highly heritable trait for which it has proven difficult to identify the actual genes. In the past decade, five whole-genome linkage scans have suggested genomic regions important to human intelligence; however, so far none of the r...
|Biological factors in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
||For a number of years, clinicians and researchers have recognized the existence of a subgrouping of children who exhibit chronic and pervasive signs of inattention, impulsivity, and physical restlessness, as well as deficiencies in rule-governed beha...
|A comparison of three family therapy programs for treating family conflicts in adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
||Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) is a relatively chronic developmental disorder of sustained attention, impulse control, and activity regulation that arises early in childhood and often persists ...
|Development in the use and understanding of polite forms in children.
||In two experiments, children's use and understanding of polite forms and the relationship these abilities share with an ability to adopt the perspective of another were examined. Development in the understanding of polite forms seemed best characteri...
|Effects of postnatal parental smoking on parent and teacher ratings of ADHD and oppositional symptoms.
||To assess the effects of postnatal parental smoking on subsequent parent and teacher ratings of DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and oppositional behaviors in children diagnosed with ADHD and their siblings. Children be...
|Emotion dysregulation and emotional impulsivity among adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results of a preliminary study.
||Recent reviews argue that emotion dysregulation is an important feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and involves a failure to inhibit negative emotions that leads to negative affectively-driven impulsive behavior (i.e., emotion...
|Gender and ethnic differences in ADHD as assessed by behavior ratings.
||Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder. Research suggests that ADHD is 4 to 9 times more frequent in males than females, and the possibility of underidentification in females and overidentification in males has...
|Genetic variants in SLC9A9 are associated with measures of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in families.
||Objective: A family was previously identified that cosegregates a pericentric inversion, inv(3)(p14 : q21), with an early-onset developmental condition, characterized by impulsive behavior and intellectual deficit. The inversion breakpoints lie withi...
|The history and diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
||This paper briefly discusses the history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) before proceeding to review and critique the recently published DSM-IV criteria for ADHD as well as the draft ICD-10 criteria proposed for its counterpart, th...
|Isolating Metamemory Deficits in the Self-Regulated Learning of Adults With ADHD
||ADHD in adulthood is associated with chronic academic impairments and problems with strategic memory encoding on standardized memory assessments, but little is known about self-regulated learning that might guide intervention. Objective: Examine the ...
|Methylphenidate effects on children with ADHD: Self-report of symptoms, self-esteem, and side-effects.
||Examined the effects of methylphenidate (MPH) on the self-report ratings of 24 children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Children provided ratings of ADHD symptoms, side-effects, and self-esteem in a double-blind, placebo-control...
|Multi-method assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The diagnostic utility of clinic-based tests.
||Investigated the utility of two clinic-based tests, the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT; Kagan, 1966) and a version of the Continuous Performance Test (CPT; Gordon, 1983), in the assessment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disord...
|Parent ratings of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms: Factor structure and normative data.
||Changes in the diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have necessitated the creation of new measures for clinical assessment. The factor structure of a parent rating scale containing the 18 symptoms of ADHD was examin...
|Parent training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Its impact on parent functioning.
||This study examined changes in parent functioning resulting from parental participation in a behavioral parent training (PT) program specifically designed for school-aged children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Relative to wait...
|Parenting stress among families of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
||Prior research has shown that parenting stress levels can be quite high among families of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated the degree to which such stress was related not only to the child's ADHD,...
|Predicting stability and change in toddler behavior problems: Contributions of maternal behavior and child gender.
||This study examined the stability and continuity of early-identified behavior problems and the factors associated with this stability. Children and their mothers (N = 125) were seen when the children were 2 and 4 years of age. Maternal reports of chi...
|The predictive validity of parent and teacher reports of ADHD symptoms.
||The objectives were to evaluate the ability of the Inattention and Hyperactivity-Impulsivity factors of the ADHD Rating Scale-IV to differentiate children with ADHD from a control group and to discriminate children with different subtypes of ADHD. Al...
|Regulatory Contributors to Children’s Kindergarten Achievement.
||The present study sought to examine whether preschool children’s emotion regulation, problem behaviors, and kindergarten behavioral self-regulation in the classroom were predictors of kindergarten achievement scores. The children (N = 122, 47% male a...
|Reliability and validity of parent and teacher ratings of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms.
||The reliability and criterion-related validity of the Home and School versions of the AD/HD Rating Scale-IV were evaluated in a nonreferred sample of 71 students. Parent and teacher rat-ings were obtained 4 weeks apart at a time contemporaneous with ...
|SNPs in Dopamine D2 Receptor Gene (DRD2) and Norepinephrine Transporter Gene (NET) Are Associated with Continuous Performance Task (CPT) Phenotypes in ADHD children and their families.
||Haplotype-tagging SNP analyses were conducted to identify molecular genetic substrates of quantitative phenotypes derived from performance on a Continuous Performance Task (CPT). Three hundred sixty-four individuals were sampled from 152 families asc...
|Stimulant medication and parent training therapies for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
||The present article provides a brief overview of the clinical use of two of the most commonly used and effective therapies for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children: stimulant medication treatment and training parents in child b...
|Teacher ratings of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms: Factor structure and normative data.
||Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves the display of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity, and overactivity resulting in functional impairment across two or more settings (American Psychiatric Associatio...
|Using behavior rating scales for ADHD across ethnic groups: The IOWA Conners.
||In this study we examined the normative and construct equivalence of the teacher IOWA Conners Rating Scale (IOWA) in a sample of 3,998 elementary school children (2,124 African American and 1,874 European American) ages 5 to 11 years in an urban scho...
|The WISC-III Freedom From Distractibility factor: It’s utility in identifying children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
||Factor analytic studies of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Revised (WISC–R; Wechsler, 1974) have consistently identified what is commonly known as the Freedom From Distractibility (FFD) factor, consisting of the Arithmetic, Digit Span, a...