The effect of selected maternal, dietary and nutrition status variables on fetal outcome

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Claudia Gill Green (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Carol Fritz

Abstract: There is concern today over the high perinatal mortality rate in the United States and in North Carolina. The analysis of fetal outcome in terms of infant birthweight for respective weeks of gestation is a relatively new approach to assessing the maturity of the newborn and the associated risk of perinatal mortality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of selected maternal, dietary, and nutrition status variables to categories of birthweight for gestational age, birthweight per se, and perinatal mortality. A sample of 137 infants born at a hospital that served a mixture of private and public patients was chosen on the basis of infant birthweight for gestational age. Seventeen (12 percent) small for gestational age, eighty-six i (63 percent) average for gestational age, and thirty-four (25 percent) large for gestational age infants were selected. Data were obtained through a review of obstetric and newborn nursery records and maternal postpartum interviews. The variables selected for analysis were maternal age, race, height, height/weight index, pre-pregnant weight, weight gain during pregnancy, smoking habits, reproductive history, special diet instruction, and vitamin/mineral supplementation. The infant variables were birthweight for gestational age, birthweight per se, and perinatal mortality.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1976

Email this document to