Big data analytics: Machine learning and Bayesian learning perspectives—What is done? What is not?

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Shanmugatha "Shan" Suthaharan, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
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Abstract: Big data analytics provides an interdisciplinary framework that is essential to support the current trend for solving real-world problems collaboratively. The progression of big data analytics framework must be clearly understood so that novel approaches can be developed to advance this state-of-the-art discipline. An ignorance of observing the progression of this fast-growing discipline may lead to duplications in research and waste of efforts. Its main companion field, machine learning, helps solve many big data analytics problems; therefore, it is also important to understand the progression of machine learning in the big data analytics framework. One of the current research efforts in big data analytics is the integration of deep learning and Bayesian optimization, which can help the automatic initialization and optimization of hyperparameters of deep learning and enhance the implementation of iterative algorithms in software. The hyperparameters include the weights used in deep learning, and the number of clusters in Bayesian mixture models that characterize data heterogeneity. The big data analytics research also requires computer systems and software that are capable of storing, retrieving, processing, and analyzing big data that are generally large, complex, heterogeneous, unstructured, unpredictable, and exposed to scalability problems. Therefore, it is appropriate to introduce a new research topic—transformative knowledge discovery—that provides a research ground to study and develop smart machine learning models and algorithms that are automatic, adaptive, and cognitive to address big data analytics problems and challenges. The new research domain will also create research opportunities to work on this interdisciplinary research space and develop solutions to support research in other disciplines that may not have expertise in the research area of big data analytics. For example, the research, such as detection and characterization of retinal diseases in medical sciences and the classification of highly interacting species in environmental sciences can benefit from the knowledge and expertise in big data analytics.

Additional Information

WIREs: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. 2019;9:e1283.
Language: English
Date: 2018
big data analytics, machine learning, Bayesian optimization, knowledge discovery, deep learning

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