The influence of rate of behavior and predictability of rate conditions on observer accuracy, rate of observing responses, and allocation of observing time

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jeffry Allan Kapust (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Rosemery Nelson

Abstract: The rate and predictability of a subject's behavior are related to observer accuracy. Since those factors often change during the course of applied research, the accuracy of observational data may inadvertently be influenced. The present study explored the relationship between rate and predictability of the subject's behavior and observers' accuracy and two other measures of observing behavior. Two assistants each presented a behavior at a rate of 3 or 1.1 behaviors/minute. Each assistant presented one behavior at one target, observed by two other assistants. The pairs of assistants alternated between these two roles. Each pair observed for four phases, each having six 20-minute sessions. The four phases differed in the rates of behavior at each target and in the predictability of the rates from session to session. The occurrence of the behaviors, the observers' indications of these occurrences, and the observers' electrooculograrns were simultaneously recorded. These recordings permitted assessment of observer accuracy of the rate of observing responses, and of the observing time allocated to each target.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1982
Observation (Psychology)
Behaviorism (Psychology)
Prediction (Psychology)

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