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A home-based intervention to improve balance, gait and self-confidence in older women.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Diane L. Gill, Professor (Creator)
Kathleen Williams, Professor and Associate Dean for Undergraduate Programs (Contributor)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Much of the current research focusing on the physical function of the elderly involves closely monitored interventions in group settings. Although home-based programs might be more appropriate for many older adults, little research is available. In this investigation, the authors tested a home-based exercise program targeting balance and mobility, and assessed concomitant changes in psychological well-being in healthy, active elderly. Twenty women (Mage = 83.2 years, range = 73-92 years) volunteered, with 6 non-exercise controls, 7 completing the 8-week program, and 7 dropping out. The three groups did not differ on any measures at pre-test. At post-test, exercisers and non-exercisers did not differ on balance, mobility, or psychological measures, but differences for preferred walking speed and step length approached significance. Pre-post comparisons indicated that exercisers significantly increased their activity levels, walked faster and were stronger following the intervention. Although large differences did not occur for outcome measures, participants reported that the training tasks were helpful. They became more proficient and confident, and provided useful information for modifying the tasks and improving efficacy of the training. Results suggest that home-based interventions have potential for improving and maintaining physical function in elderly adults.

Additional Information

Publication
Activities, Adaptation and Aging, 24, 57-70
Language: English
Date: 2001
Keywords
Aging, Exercise, Balance, Mobility