A Pilot Study of the Impact of a Brief Values-Based Exercise Promotion Intervention on College Student Exercise Levels

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
John Taylor Freeman (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/

Abstract: Background: Many individuals do not meet recommendations for adequate amounts of exercise , despite well-documented health benefits. While many studies have been designed to promote exercise , there is still a dearth of effective interventions for increasing exercise. Recently , exercise promotion interventions which aim to increase autonomous motivation using a values-based approach to behavior change have found promising results. However , they are often lengthy and multi-faceted , and it is unclear whether a simplified brief intervention could effectively promote exercise. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to develop and test a brief exercise promotion intervention focused on integrating exercise with values among college students. Methods: 78 students were recruited from a large , Southeastern university , and 50 completed the study. Completers attended four group sessions over four weeks. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups at a 1.5:1 ratio. The intervention group focused on integrating exercise into key value areas , while the control group received education about benefits of exercise. A mobile app was used to monitor daily self-reported exercise. Participants completed the Behavioral Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire-2 to assess motivation for exercise and a self-report measure of congruence between exercise and values. Results: ANCOVAs were used to examine whether participation in the intervention was associated with greater exercise , controlling for baseline exercise. Students in the intervention group did not engage in more exercise compared to the control group (p=.55). The intervention group appeared to help participants engage in more values-consistent exercise (p=.021) , and those in the intervention group who reported engaging in more values-based exercise reported greater exercise (p=.044). Participants who reported more intrinsic motivation for exercise engaged in more vigorous-intensity exercise (p=.018) and average METs/week (p=.018). Discussion: The brief values-focused intervention was not associated with greater exercise. However , the intervention was successful at promoting value-consistent exercise , and those most successful at integrating exercise with their values did engage in more exercise. Greater intrinsic motivation was associated with more exercise , particularly vigorous-intensity. Future studies should examine how combining exercise and values may be used to promote health behaviors and how to best implement and dose interventions for various populations.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Values, Intrinsic Motivation

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A Pilot Study of the Impact of a Brief Values-Based Exercise Promotion Intervention on College Student Exercise Levelshttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/7201The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.