Assessment of Spatial Variation of Groundwater Quality in a Mining Basin

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Augustina Clara,Ndambuki,Julius,Salim,Ramadhan,Manda,Alex Alexander (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: Assessment of groundwater quality is vital for the sustainable safe use of this inimitableresource. However, describing the overall groundwater quality condition-”particularly in a miningbasin-”is more complicated due to the spatial variability of multiple contaminants and the wide rangeof indicators found in these areas. This study applies a geographic information system (GIS)-basedgroundwater quality index (GQI) to assess water quality in a mining basin. The study synthesizednine different water quality parameters available-”nitrate, sulphate, chloride, sodium, magnesium,calcium, dissolved mineral solids, potassium, and floride (NO−, SO2−, Cl−, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, DMS, 34K+ and F−)-”from 90 boreholes across the basin by indexing them numerically relative to the World Health Organization standards. The study compared data from 2006 and 2011. The produced map indicated a lower GQI of 67 in 2011 compared to 72 in 2006. The maximum GQI of 84.4 calculated using only three parameters (Mg2+, K+ and F−) compared well with the GQI of 84.6 obtained using all nine parameters. A noticeable declining groundwater quality trend was observed in most parts of the basin, especially in the south-western and the northern parts of the basin. The temporal variation between the GQIs for 2006 and 2011 indicated variable groundwater quality (coefficient of variation = 15--30%) in areas around the mining field, and even more variability (coefficient of variation >30%) in the south-western and eastern parts of the basin.

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Language: English
Date: 2017

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