Developing high performance concrete for precast/prestressed concrete industry

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Amin K. Akhnoukh (Creator)
Hala Elia (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: High performance concrete (HPC) is a new class of concrete that has superior characteristics compared to conventional concrete. Despite of its superior characteristics , HPC is not widely used in local and international markets due to its high constituent materials cost. This paper presents the research done to develop economic HPC mixes using local materials and conventional mixing and curing techniques. HPC characteristics were attained using supplementary cementitious materials as silica fume and class C fly in partial replacement of Portland cement. Superplasticizers were used to maintain a high flowing ability using a low water-to-powder ratio. Concrete mixes were produced using a high energy mixer to maintain sufficient mix consistency. As a result , concrete mixes with 24€¯-h compressive strength of 70€¯MPa and 28-day strength of 105€¯MPa were produced. Concrete samples tested for expansion using accelerated mortar bar test (AMBT) showed that developed concrete is not susceptible to alkali-silica reaction. Improved characteristics can be used in improving the performance of concrete construction projects , reduce required maintenance , and increase construction projects life-span.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2019
Class C fly ash, Silica fume alkali-silica reaction, Precast concrete, High performance concrete

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