Flood Insurance Coverage in Dare County: Before and After Floyd

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Craig E. Landry (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
Web Site: http://www.ecu.edu/lib/

Abstract: Dr. Landry started with an overview of how the flood insurance program works. Flooding is a catastrophe risk since flooding events cause multiple losses that are correlated across space; and given the rarity of flooding events reliable information may not be available to predict likelihood of loss. Government provision for disaster relief can cause a “charity hazard” in that people may opt not to insure. As such private companies have traditionally exhibited little interest in providing insurance against flooding loss and the government has stepped in with a public option: the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The program started by creating flood inundation maps and offering subsidized insurance but most people did not buy it. Then the government made flood insurance mandatory if you had a federally backed mortgage. This has increased participation in NFIP. This study compared 1998 and 2008 flood insurance in Dare County NC a vulnerable area. In 1998 many properties did not have flood insurance but in 2008 more did. There are also more mortgaged properties than ten years ago and these have higher assessed values and higher amounts covered. Demand for insurance is not responsive to price so raising or lowering flood insurance prices is not likely to have a large effect on coverage. Since people are required to purchase insurance if they have a mortgage they don’t have the option not to buy. Demand for flood insurance also increases with income and education level. Insurance coverage is greater for higher value buildings and riskier areas.

Additional Information

Greenville NC: East Carolina University
Language: English
Date: 2013
NCEM, Hurricane, emergency management, emergency disaster

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Flood Insurance Coverage in Dare County: Before and After Floydhttp://hdl.handle.net/10342/1732The described resource references, cites, or otherwise points to the related resource.