|Center of Pressure Regularity With and Without Stochastic Resonance Stimulation in Stable and Unstable Ankles
||Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with sensorimotor deficits, which may affect dynamic complexity by constraining the postural control system. Stochastic resonance stimulation (SRS) may restore sensory function and promote healthy postura...
|Characteristics of Stride Behavior During Treadmill Walking and Stationary Stepping
||Much has been learned about the characteristics of gait in overground and treadmill walking. However, there are many contexts in which overground or treadmill walking might not be possible, such as in home-based physical therapy. In those cases, a su...
|Control of adaptive locomotion: effect of visual obstruction and visual cues in the environment
||Visual information regarding obstacle position and size is used for planning and controlling adaptive gait. However, the manner in which visual cues in the environment are used in the control of gait is not fully known. This research examined the eff...
|The effect of the visual characteristics of obstacles on risk of tripping and gait parameters during locomotion
||Purpose: Injuries from falls are a serious health issue. Approaches to preventing falls should consider increasing relevant visual information of an obstacle. Obstacle parameters, such as position and height, may be specified by the visible s...
|Entrainment to a real time fractal visual stimulus modulates fractal gait dynamics
||Fractal patterns characterize healthy biological systems and are considered to reflect the ability of the system to adapt to varying environmental conditions. Previous research has shown that fractal patterns in gait are altered following natural agi...
|Follow the leader: Visual control of speed in pedestrian following
||When people walk together in groups or crowds they must coordinate their walking speed and direction with their neighbors. This paper investigates how a pedestrian visually controls speed when following a leader on a straight path (one-dimensional fo...
|Fractal Gait Patterns Are Retained after Entrainment to a Fractal Stimulus
||Previous work has shown that fractal patterns in gait can be altered by entraining to a fractal stimulus. However, little is understood about how long those patterns are retained or which factors may influence stronger entrainment or retention. In ex...
|Gait dynamics following variable and constant speed gait training in individuals with chronic stroke
||Variable practice may be beneficial for learning novel motor patterns. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a variable practice intervention during treadmill walking on the dynamic properties of gait. Using a counterbalanced desig...
|Gait dynamics when wearing a treadmill safety harness
||Nonlinear dynamics quantifies gait variability patterns, which can be useful in evaluating functional ability. A commonly used nonlinear technique is detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Safety support structures have previously been shown to alter ...
|Gait Performance is not Influenced by Working Memory When Walking at a Self-selected Pace
||Gait performance exhibits patterns within the stride-to-stride variability that can be indexed using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). Previous work employing DFA has shown that gait patterns can be influenced by constraints, such as natural agin...
|Influence of an unexpected perturbation on adaptive gait behavior
||During locomotion over uneven terrain, gait must be adapted to avoid a trip. In the event of a foot-obstacle contact, the body reactively responds to the perturbation. However, it is unknown if any proactive adjustments are made in subsequent strides...
|Locomotor Adaptation versus Perceptual Adaptation when Stepping Over an Obstacle with a Height Illusion
During locomotion, vision is used to perceive environmental obstacles that could potentially threaten stability; locomotor action is then modified to avoid these obstacles. Various factors such as lighting and texture can make these envir...
|The M&M approach: using mental and mechanical strategies in your teaching and coaching
||Mental and mechanical (M&M) techniques are very useful in teaching and coaching. Mental techniques are strategies that enhance movement through psychological preparation, such as using imagery to practice a skill. Mechanical techniques are strategies...
|Multiplanar Knee Laxity and Perceived Function During Activities of Daily Living and Sport
||Context: Greater knee-joint laxity may lead to a higher risk of knee injury, yet it is unknown whether results of self-reported outcome measures are associated with distinct knee-laxity profiles.
Objective: To identify the extent t...
|Multiple timescales in postural dynamics associated with vision and a secondary task are revealed by wavelet analysis
||Discrete wavelet analysis is used to resolve the center of pressure time series data into several timescale components, providing new insights into postural control. Healthy young and elderly participants stood quietly with their eyes open or closed ...
|Noise and complexity in human postural control: interpreting the different estimations of entropy.
||BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, various measures of entropy have been used to examine the complexity of human postural control. In general, entropy measures provide information regarding the health, stability and adaptability of the postural s...
|The science of cup stacking: a review of how prior research “stacks up”
||Sport stacking is used in more than 10,000 physical education, after school, and sports programs. Once considered a recreational activity, the sport now has state and national competitions. Sport stacking manufacturers claim the sport of sport stacki...
|Visual exteroceptive information provided during obstacle crossing did not modify the lower limb trajectory
||The roles of visual exteroception (information regarding environmental characteristics) and exproprioception (the relation of body segments to the environment) during gait adaptation are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to determin...