|Alcohol consumption and the diet-heart controversy.
||The effectiveness of dietary changes as a means of reducing blood lipid levels and ultimately controlling the development of coronary heart disease has been debated for many years. The possible effects of alcohol consumption on blood lipids were usua...
|Alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease mortality: are time-series correlations meaningful?
||Recently, time-series correlations of aggregated data have been used to demonstrate the length of latency periods for environmental factors, such as economic conditions and alcohol consumption, in Influencing heart disease mortality. Latency periods ...
|Associations of Aerobic Exercise and Alcohol Consumption With Systolic Blood Pressure in Employed Males
||Patterns of alcohol consumption and physical activity were analysed in relation to blood
pressure in a group of 522 employed males. Alcohol intake, as well as age and the body
mass index, were directly related to systolic blood pressure (SBP) while...
|Attitudes of Faculty Members, Residents, Students, And Community Physicians Toward Health Promotion
||A growing body of evidence links personal behaviors to many chronic diseases and increased mortality (1, 2). The 1979 U.S. surgeon general's report (3) identified the following behavioral changes as desirable to promote health in the American populat...
|Black/White Differences in Risk Factors for Arteriographically Documented Coronary Artery Disease in Men
||Although the leading cause of death among black men in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), risk factors have not been well documented in black populations. Therefore, possible racial differences in the relation of several characterist...
|Body Fat Distribution and Male/Female Differences in Lipids and Lipoproteins
||The role of body fat distribution, as assessed by the ratio of waist-to-hip circumferences (WHR),
in statistically explaining differences in levels of lipoproteins between men and women was
studied using data collected in 1985-1986 from employed ad...
|Body Fat Distribution, Plasma Lipids, and Lipoproteins
||The relation of body fat distribution as measured by the ratio of waist to hip circumferences (WHR) to plasma levels of lipids and lipoproteins was studied In 713 men and 520 women who were employed by two Milwaukee companies. Quetelet Index (kg/m
|Catecholamine Activity and Infectious Disease Episodes
||The profile of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy methoxy acid (VMA) excretion was studied in relation to reported acute infectious disease episodes. Daily VMA excretion levels and symptom reports were analyzed for a group of 47 volunteers over a four-week period. ...
|Catecholamine activity and reported morbidity.
||Urinary VMA levels were measured in relation to the reporting of morbidity in an attempt to determine whether altered catecholamine activity is related to specific disease syndromes, or is a general characteristic of morbidity. The cross-sectional da...
|Cell Volume Distribution Pattern Analysis: A Means of Uterine Cancer Detection
||The use of cell volume distribution pattern analysis as a semiautomated means of uterine cancer detection has been evaluated. The results of a study of 339 patients indicate that cell sizing effectively detects preinvasive lesions of the uterus. Comp...
|Cholesterol and Coronary Artery Disease: Age as an Effect Modifier.
||An elevation of serum cholesterol has been one of the more frequently cited risk factors for coronary heart disease, found in both case-control and cohort studies. As a result, this country has undertaken massive screening of adults older than 20 yea...
|Coping with DRGs: A Nursing Home's Experience
||The introduction of prospective payment system (PPS) based on diagnostic related groups (DRGs) has had a significant impact on hospitals. To determine the impact of PPS on nursing homes, the authors studied the activity of a Veterans Administration t...
|Diabetes mellitus and arteriographically - documented coronary artery disease.
||Diabetics are at increased risk for coronary heart disease even after accounting for other risk factors, and the impact of diabetes mellitus may be particularly strong among females and at adverse levels of other risk factors. Therefore, the independ...
|Effects of Drinking Patterns on the Relationship between Alcohol and Coronary Occlusion
||Previous reports have described an inverse relationship between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of myocardial infarction or the extent of coronary artery occlusion. The study reported here explored the relationship between patterns of alcohol ...
|Effects of irradiation on the generative cycle of the estrogen stimulated vaginal epithelium.
||The effects of irradiation (300, 500 and 1500 rads) on mitosis and DNA synthesis in the estrogen primed vaginal epithelium have been studied. Dose—effect relations and the time sequence of effects on the two processes were investigated. The technique...
|An epidemiologic study of tennis elbow: Incidence, recurrence, and effectiveness of prevention strategies
||An epidemiologic study of the incidence and recurrence of tennis elbow among over 500 tennis players (278 men, 254 women; age range, 20 to 50 years) indicated that age and amount of playing time per day were contributing factors to the injury. Both i...
|Postmenopausal use of estrogen and occlusion of coronary arteries
||The degree of coronary artery occlusion was compared between users and nonusers of postmenopausal estrogen among 933 female patients undergoing angiography between the ages 50 and 75 years in the Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry. Users (n = 154...
|A preliminary study of eighth grade students' attitudes toward rape myths and women's roles.
||This preliminary study examined the relationship between sex-role stereotypes of women and beliefs in rape myths among adolescents. A 35-item survey was completed by 211 female and males in eighth grade health classes. Findings indicate both females ...
|Primary care providers need a variety of nutrition and wellness patient education materials
||Objective: To assess and document the need for nutrition and wellness patient education materials. Design The results of open-ended interviews and focus groups were used to develop a mail-type survey. The 46-item survey addressed barriers to using nu...
|The Relation between Religiosity, Selected Health Behaviors, and Blood Pressure among Adult Females
||Background. This study examined the association between blood pressure (BP), selected health behaviors, and various dimensions of religiosity among females.
Methods. Data were obtained on 112 females who were at least 35 years of age and of Judeo-Ch...
|The Relation of Documented Coronary Artery Disease to Levels of Total Cholesterol and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol
||Recommendations for identifying persons at high risk for coronary heart disease are based primarily on levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. We examined whether, given knowledge of these levels, information on the high-density lipo...
|Relation of triglyceride levels to coronary artery disease: The Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry.
||Although levels of triglycerides have consistently shown a strong association with cardiovascular disease In both case-control and cohort studies, it remains controversial whether this relation exists Independently of levels of cholesterol and other ...
|The Relationship Between Perceived Challenge and Daily Symptom Reporting in Type A vs. Type B Postinfarct Subjects
||Previous studies have suggested that Type A individuals underreport both subjective fatigue and physical symptoms under conditions of ongoing challenge. The present study tests whether postinfarct Type A's also suppress fatigue and, more importantly,...
|The Relationship between Vasectomy and Angiographically Determined Atherosclerosis in Men
||Long-term prospective studies in monkeys have shown that vasectomy is associated with an increase in atherosclerotic disease. The purpose of the present investigation is to evaluate whether vasectomy in men is associated with atherosclerotic disease ...
|Risk factors among patients undergoing repeat aorta-coronary bypass procedures
||It is estimated that as many as 7% of patients who have an aorta-coronary bypass operation will require a second bypass procedure within 10 to 12 years. Using information from the Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry, we matched 166 men who underwe...
|Risk factors and the anatomic distribution of coronary artery disease
||Differences in the importance of risk factors according to the anatomic location of coronary artery disease (CAD) were assessed in 4722 men and 1069 women who underwent arteriography. Examined characteristics included total and high-density lipoprote...
|Threshold Effects of Dietary Calcium on Blood Pressure
||The relationships of calcium and dietary sodium, potassium and alcohol to blood
pressures were studied at three different levels of dietary calcium intake by adults in the
Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES) I sample. At low calcium int...