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H. William Gruchow

Gruchow received his Ph.D. in Human Biology from the University of Wisconsin. He has held faculty teaching and research positions with the University of Waterloo (Ontario) Department of Health Studies, The Medical College of Wisconsin, Division of Biostatistics/Clinical Epidemiology, where he was also Associate Director for Epidemiology, Milwaukee Long Term Care Gerontology Center, and his current position in the Department of Public Health Education at UNCG. He came to UNCG as Department Head in 1988. In addition, he has served as Director, Institute for Health, Science and Society (1997-2002), and Director, National Family Planning Male Training Center (2004-2009). During 2001 and 2002 Dr. Gruchow chaired a national Models Committee, convened by the Male Advocacy Network (MAN) to review and interpret scientific evidence of importance to community-based male sexual and reproductive health programs. He was lead author of the document, Components that Work in Male Reproductive Health and Education Programs, which resulted from the work of this committee. In his career Dr. Gruchow has obtained extensive grant funding to support his work from local and national funding sources. His research has been published in the major medical and public health journals, and presented at major medical and public health meetings. He also has an extensive record of involvement in community health initiatives, and has published numerous evaluation reports for community agencies, health departments and foundations.

There are 27 included publications by H. William Gruchow :

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Alcohol consumption and the diet-heart controversy. 1983 389 The effectiveness of dietary changes as a means of reducing blood lipid levels and ultimately controlling the development of coronary heart disease has been debated for many years. The possible effects of alcohol consumption on blood lipids were usua...
Alcohol consumption and ischemic heart disease mortality: are time-series correlations meaningful? 1983 1053 Recently, time-series correlations of aggregated data have been used to demonstrate the length of latency periods for environmental factors, such as economic conditions and alcohol consumption, in Influencing heart disease mortality. Latency periods ...
Associations of Aerobic Exercise and Alcohol Consumption With Systolic Blood Pressure in Employed Males 1986 236 Patterns of alcohol consumption and physical activity were analysed in relation to blood pressure in a group of 522 employed males. Alcohol intake, as well as age and the body mass index, were directly related to systolic blood pressure (SBP) while...
Attitudes of Faculty Members, Residents, Students, And Community Physicians Toward Health Promotion 1987 287 A growing body of evidence links personal behaviors to many chronic diseases and increased mortality (1, 2). The 1979 U.S. surgeon general's report (3) identified the following behavioral changes as desirable to promote health in the American populat...
Black/White Differences in Risk Factors for Arteriographically Documented Coronary Artery Disease in Men 1988 445 Although the leading cause of death among black men in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), risk factors have not been well documented in black populations. Therefore, possible racial differences in the relation of several characterist...
Body Fat Distribution and Male/Female Differences in Lipids and Lipoproteins 1990 1403 The role of body fat distribution, as assessed by the ratio of waist-to-hip circumferences (WHR), in statistically explaining differences in levels of lipoproteins between men and women was studied using data collected in 1985-1986 from employed ad...
Body Fat Distribution, Plasma Lipids, and Lipoproteins 1989 646 The relation of body fat distribution as measured by the ratio of waist to hip circumferences (WHR) to plasma levels of lipids and lipoproteins was studied In 713 men and 520 women who were employed by two Milwaukee companies. Quetelet Index (kg/m
Catecholamine Activity and Infectious Disease Episodes 1979 707 The profile of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy methoxy acid (VMA) excretion was studied in relation to reported acute infectious disease episodes. Daily VMA excretion levels and symptom reports were analyzed for a group of 47 volunteers over a four-week period. ...
Catecholamine activity and reported morbidity. 1976 292 Urinary VMA levels were measured in relation to the reporting of morbidity in an attempt to determine whether altered catecholamine activity is related to specific disease syndromes, or is a general characteristic of morbidity. The cross-sectional da...
Cell Volume Distribution Pattern Analysis: A Means of Uterine Cancer Detection 1970 304 The use of cell volume distribution pattern analysis as a semiautomated means of uterine cancer detection has been evaluated. The results of a study of 339 patients indicate that cell sizing effectively detects preinvasive lesions of the uterus. Comp...
Cholesterol and Coronary Artery Disease: Age as an Effect Modifier. 1992 1028 An elevation of serum cholesterol has been one of the more frequently cited risk factors for coronary heart disease, found in both case-control and cohort studies. As a result, this country has undertaken massive screening of adults older than 20 yea...
Coping with DRGs: A Nursing Home's Experience 1989 351 The introduction of prospective payment system (PPS) based on diagnostic related groups (DRGs) has had a significant impact on hospitals. To determine the impact of PPS on nursing homes, the authors studied the activity of a Veterans Administration t...
Diabetes mellitus and arteriographically - documented coronary artery disease. 1988 564 Diabetics are at increased risk for coronary heart disease even after accounting for other risk factors, and the impact of diabetes mellitus may be particularly strong among females and at adverse levels of other risk factors. Therefore, the independ...
Effects of Drinking Patterns on the Relationship between Alcohol and Coronary Occlusion 1982 846 Previous reports have described an inverse relationship between alcohol consumption and the prevalence of myocardial infarction or the extent of coronary artery occlusion. The study reported here explored the relationship between patterns of alcohol ...
Effects of irradiation on the generative cycle of the estrogen stimulated vaginal epithelium. 1970 252 The effects of irradiation (300, 500 and 1500 rads) on mitosis and DNA synthesis in the estrogen primed vaginal epithelium have been studied. Dose—effect relations and the time sequence of effects on the two processes were investigated. The technique...
An epidemiologic study of tennis elbow: Incidence, recurrence, and effectiveness of prevention strategies 1979 3594 An epidemiologic study of the incidence and recurrence of tennis elbow among over 500 tennis players (278 men, 254 women; age range, 20 to 50 years) indicated that age and amount of playing time per day were contributing factors to the injury. Both i...
Postmenopausal use of estrogen and occlusion of coronary arteries 1988 423 The degree of coronary artery occlusion was compared between users and nonusers of postmenopausal estrogen among 933 female patients undergoing angiography between the ages 50 and 75 years in the Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry. Users (n = 154...
A preliminary study of eighth grade students' attitudes toward rape myths and women's roles. 1995 2766 This preliminary study examined the relationship between sex-role stereotypes of women and beliefs in rape myths among adolescents. A 35-item survey was completed by 211 female and males in eighth grade health classes. Findings indicate both females ...
Primary care providers need a variety of nutrition and wellness patient education materials 1999 487 Objective: To assess and document the need for nutrition and wellness patient education materials. Design The results of open-ended interviews and focus groups were used to develop a mail-type survey. The 46-item survey addressed barriers to using nu...
The Relation between Religiosity, Selected Health Behaviors, and Blood Pressure among Adult Females 1998 1058 Background. This study examined the association between blood pressure (BP), selected health behaviors, and various dimensions of religiosity among females. Methods. Data were obtained on 112 females who were at least 35 years of age and of Judeo-Ch...
The Relation of Documented Coronary Artery Disease to Levels of Total Cholesterol and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol 1994 476 Recommendations for identifying persons at high risk for coronary heart disease are based primarily on levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. We examined whether, given knowledge of these levels, information on the high-density lipo...
Relation of triglyceride levels to coronary artery disease: The Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry. 1988 1128 Although levels of triglycerides have consistently shown a strong association with cardiovascular disease In both case-control and cohort studies, it remains controversial whether this relation exists Independently of levels of cholesterol and other ...
The Relationship Between Perceived Challenge and Daily Symptom Reporting in Type A vs. Type B Postinfarct Subjects 1980 306 Previous studies have suggested that Type A individuals underreport both subjective fatigue and physical symptoms under conditions of ongoing challenge. The present study tests whether postinfarct Type A's also suppress fatigue and, more importantly,...
The Relationship between Vasectomy and Angiographically Determined Atherosclerosis in Men 1983 345 Long-term prospective studies in monkeys have shown that vasectomy is associated with an increase in atherosclerotic disease. The purpose of the present investigation is to evaluate whether vasectomy in men is associated with atherosclerotic disease ...
Risk factors among patients undergoing repeat aorta-coronary bypass procedures 1987 724 It is estimated that as many as 7% of patients who have an aorta-coronary bypass operation will require a second bypass procedure within 10 to 12 years. Using information from the Milwaukee Cardiovascular Data Registry, we matched 166 men who underwe...
Risk factors and the anatomic distribution of coronary artery disease 1989 481 Differences in the importance of risk factors according to the anatomic location of coronary artery disease (CAD) were assessed in 4722 men and 1069 women who underwent arteriography. Examined characteristics included total and high-density lipoprote...
Threshold Effects of Dietary Calcium on Blood Pressure 1986 215 The relationships of calcium and dietary sodium, potassium and alcohol to blood pressures were studied at three different levels of dietary calcium intake by adults in the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES) I sample. At low calcium int...