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Effect of Pilates and Taiji Quan Training on Self-Efficacy, Sleep Quality, Mood, and Physical Performance of College Students

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Marianne Adams MFA, Professor, Department Chair, Dance Coordinator (Creator)
Karen Caldwell Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Mandy B. Harrison Ph.D., Assistant Professor (Creator)
N. Travis Triplett Ph.D., Professor (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Methods of exercise such as Pilates and taiji quan, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on physical and mental characteristics, have been studied more often in samples of older participants. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a semester of either Pilates or taiji quan training on perceived self efficacy, sleep quality and mood, as well as strength and balance in college-age individuals. Self-efficacy was found to be improved in the Pilates and taiji quan groups and there was a trend towards improvement in sleep quality. Mood was found to be improved significantly in the Pilates group while the taiji group showed a trend towards improvement. There were no changes or group differences in the strength or balance measures. Pilates and taiji quan are effective exercise modes to improve mental parameters in college-age individuals.

Additional Information

Publication
Caldwell, K., Harrison, M., Adams, M., Triplett, N. T. (2009). Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 13(2), 155-163. Version of record published by Elsevier (ISSN: 1360-8592) DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001
Language: English
Date: 2009
Keywords
Pilates, taiji quan, perceived self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, physical performance