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Heather Clark Ph.D.

There are 10 included publications by Heather Clark Ph.D.:

TitleDateViewsBrief Description
Age and Sex Differences in Orofacial Strength 2011 486 This study explored age- and sex-related differences in orofacial strength. Healthy adult men (N = 88) and women (N = 83) participated in the study. Strength measures were obtained using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). Anterior and poste...
Assessment of Orofacial Strength in Adults with Dysarthria 2008 1829 Assessment of orofacial weakness is common during the evaluation of patients with suspected dysarthria. This study addressed the validity of clinical assessments of orofacial eakness by comparing clinical (subjective) ratings to instrumental (objecti...
The effects of oral-motor exercises on swallowing in children: an evidence-based systematic review 2010 142 Aim: The aim of this unregistered evidence-based systematic review was to determine the state and quality of evidence on the effects of oral motor exercises (OME) on swallowing physiology, pulmonary health, functional swallowing outcomes, and droolin...
Evidence-Based Systematic Review (EBSR): The Effects of Oral Motor Interventions on Feeding and Swallowing in Preterm Infants 2010 4944 Purpose: To conduct an evidence-based systematic review and provide an estimate of the effects of oral motor interventions (OMIs) on feeding/swallowing outcomes (both physiological and functional) and pulmonary health in preterm infants. Method...
Evidence-based systematic review: Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on swallowing and neural activation 2009 1500 Purpose: To systematically review the literature examining the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on swallowing and neural activation. The review was conducted as part of a series examining the effects of oral motor exercises (OME...
Generalized motor programme and parameterization accuracy in apraxia of speech and conduction aphasia 1998 77 The present study examined three aspects of motor programming (generalized motor programme (GMP) accuracy, temporal parameterization accuracy, and amplitude parameterization accuracy) in subjects with apraxia of speech (AOS) or conduction aphasia ...
Neuromuscular Treatments for Speech and Swallowing: A Tutorial 2003 3694 Despite the proliferation of oral motor therapies, much controversy exists regarding the application and benefit of neuromuscular treatments (NMTs) such as strength training for alleviating dysarthria and/or dysphagia. Not only is limited empiri...
Quantifying Orofacial Muscle Stiffness Using Damped Oscillation 2010 660 Muscle stiffness can reflect muscle tone, often presumed to be aberrant in persons with dysarthria. This exploratory study used the Myoton-3 to assess stiffness of the lateral tongue and mid-cheek in 10 participants with various neurologic disorders-...
Relationships Among Subjective and Objective Measures of Tongue Strength and Oral Phase Swallowing Impairments 2003 1500 A growing literature documents the relationship between tongue strength and oral phase swallowing function. Objective measures of strength have been recommended as more valid and reliable than subjective measures for the assessment of tongue fun...
Visuomotor Tracking Abilities of Speakers with Apraxia of Speech or Conduction Aphasia 2008 348 This investigation examined the visuomotor tracking abilities of persons with apraxia of speech (AOS) or conduction aphasia (CA). In addition, tracking performance was correlated with perceptual judgments of speech accuracy. Five individuals with AOS...