Effectiveness of child protective services interventions as indicated by rates of recidivism

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
David Travis Solomon (Creator)
Institution
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site: http://www.wcu.edu/404.asp
Advisor
Kia Asberg

Abstract: Child maltreatment is a pervasive problem with a number of negative consequences, both in terms of human suffering and economic costs. This issue is compounded by the alarming rates of abuse recidivism (i.e., having a second case of abuse following the original event), which has been linked to even poorer outcomes for children involved. Child Protective Services (CPS) is the government agency charged with intervening in cases of abuse and preventing further maltreatment. While many studies have examined the relationship between background variables and recidivism, fewer studies have examined CPS interventions in this regard. A better understanding of these factors could help inform CPS on which interventions to employ, or which cases may require closer monitoring. Thus, the goal of the current study is to test the predictability of recidivism based on both background factors (e.g., disability status of the child and caregiver, age of the child, type of abuse) and CPS interventions (e.g., providing therapy for the caregiver or child, removing the child from the caregiver temporarily). Two predictors, minority status of the caregiver and providing therapy for the caregiver, were associated with reduced recidivism outcomes, while temporarily removing the child from the caregiver was associated with increased chances of recidivism. It may be concluded that cases involving child placement away from the caregiver may require further monitoring by CPS, and that ordering therapy for more caregivers may help to reduce recidivism rates.

Additional Information

Publication
Thesis
Language: English
Date: 2012
Keywords
Child Abuse, Child Maltreatment, Child Protective Services, Intervention, Recidivism, Social Services
Subjects
Child abuse -- North Carolina -- Haywood County -- Prevention
Child welfare -- North Carolina -- Haywood County
Recidivism -- North Carolina -- Haywood County