Traditional bullying and cyber-bullying : are the impacts on self-concept the same?

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Heather Nicole Hines (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
Lori Unruh

Abstract: Purpose: Cyber-bullying is a serious matter involving a substantial number of middle school students. The frequency of cyber-bullying is becoming more prevalent, increasing the need for minors, parents, and school personnel to become more aware and educated on the issue (Kowalski & Limber, 2007). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between middle school students’ self-concept, traditional bullying and cyber bullying. Method: One hundred and sixteen sixth grade students in Rockingham County, North Carolina completed a questionnaire assessing their experiences with traditional bullying and cyber-bullying, followed by a self-concept measure. Results: The results of this study indicate that there is a negative correlation between traditional bullying and self-concept. Additionally, those students who reported being a victim of both traditional bullying and cyber-bullying reported the lowest self-concepts of all participants. 8 Conclusions: Low self-concept is associated with being the victim of traditional bullying and cyber-bullying. As such, bullying prevention programs incorporated in school curriculums should address both traditional bullying and cyber-bullying. Implementation of programs to address low self-concept should also be incorporated into school curriculums to help address the impacts of traditional bullying and cyber-bullying. Moreover, educators and parents need to intervene in bullying incidents, a failure to do so may impact students’ abilities to be happy and successful in their home and school environments.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2011
Cyber-bullying, School Psychology, Self-Concept, Traditional Bullying
Cyberbullying -- North Carolina -- Rockingham County
Bullying in schools -- North Carolina -- Rockingham County
Middle school students -- North Carolina -- Rockingham County -- Psychology
Self-perception -- North Carolina -- Rockingham County

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