Design of a cost effective battery-supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system for hourly dispatching solar PV power

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Pranoy Kumar Singha Roy (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
Bora Karayaka

Abstract: This study aims to develop a low cost energy storage system for hourly dispatching solar photovoltaic (PV) power for 1MW grid connected PV array. To fulfill this objective, the optimum (most economical) scaling of a battery and supercapacitor (SC) hybrid storage is developed based on the time constant of a low pass filter (LPF) that is used to allocate the power between a battery and SC. Based on the battery state of charge (SOC), rule based algorithms are developed to estimate the perfect grid reference power for each one-hour dispatching period. Another rule-based algorithm is implemented to keep the battery SOC within a certain limit that helps to increase the battery lifetime. An economic comparison of different kinds of battery and SC combination in hybrid energy storage system (HESS) is presented in this research. This study also considers the relationship between the actual PV cell temperature and the ambient temperature and presents their effects on energy storage price calculations. This study uses actual solar data of four different days recorded at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in MATLAB/Simulink environment simulations to get the better picture about annual energy storage cost for hourly dispatching solar power. According to the results, the HESS combination of li-ion battery and SC, outperforms a battery only or lead acid and SC combination in HESS operation regardless of temperature framework.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2018
Solar energy -- Hybrid systems
Energy storage
Photovoltaic power generation
Lithium cells
Electric power production

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