Predicting outcomes of trauma-exposed women in substance use treatment programs

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Elizabeth Combs (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
L. Alvin Malesky

Abstract: Previous research has found various predictors for substance use treatment outcomes, such as relapse and re-entry into treatment. However, there is a distinct gap in the research on treatment outcomes for women. While gender has not been found to be a predictor in and of itself of treatment outcomes, there are distinct differences between predictors for outcomes of men and women. It is also mixed in terms of what factors are indicative of negative or positive outcomes and what is considered effective treatment. Similarly to gender, too little research has been done to efficiently investigate trauma and its role in substance use treatment and it is mixed in terms of whether treating trauma or other mental health issues is effective in substance use treatment. Another issue in the current research is its variability in what trauma is investigated (i.e. revictimization, polyvictimization, single trauma, etc.). The current study was investigated using 3, 078 women in The Comprehensive Addiction and Treatment Outcomes (CATOR) system. Thus, the present study seeks to examine the role of trauma itself, polyvictimization, and revictimization, on treatment outcomes.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2018
addiction, polyvictimization, relapse, revictimization, substance use treatment, trauma
Women -- Substance use
Substance abuse -- Treatment -- Sex differences
Psychic trauma
Post-traumatic stress disorder

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