The impact of percieved procedural justice on health, HIV risk behaviors, substance use, and offending in juvenile offenders

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Katherine A. Kulick (Creator)
Institution
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site: http://library.wcu.edu/
Advisor
Jamie Vaske

Abstract: Research into the impact of perceived discrimination and health has shown that it is related to poorer health status and health behaviors compared to those who perceive less discrimination. Perceived procedural injustice, however, may also have implications for health and health behaviors. Due to the evidence on perceived discrimination and its impact health and health-related behaviors, it is suggested that perceived procedural injustice—a concept similar to perceived discrimination—will have a similar impact on health through similar mechanisms (which include health-related behaviors and a stress response). The current study seeks to examine whether perceived procedural justice is related to poor health via psychological distress, substance use, HIV risk behaviors, or offending using archival data from the Pathways to Desistance Study. The Pathways to Desistance Study was a longitudinal study, which collected data from November of 2000 through March of 2010, from adjudicated youth from Phoenix, Arizona and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Results indicated a significant positive association between perceived procedural justice change scores and psychological distress change scores, in the opposite direction as hypothesized. No significant associations between psychological distress and offending, HIV risk behaviors, substance use, and self-reported health occurred. However, significant negative associations occurred between perceived procedural justice and substance use, as well as perceived procedural justice and offending, although no significant associations occurred between perceived procedural justice change scores and health or HIV risk behaviors. Significant, positive associations occurred between offending, substance use, and HIV risk behaviors, as expected. Overall, results of the study were inconsistent with prior research examining the relationship between perceived discrimination and health. Possible explanations of contrary and unexpected results are discussed, along with limitations of the study.

Additional Information

Publication
Thesis
Language: English
Date: 2017

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