North Carolina elementary and middle school teachers' perceptions of time related to working conditions

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Kristen Kauper Pavao (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
Web Site:
Lori Unruh

Abstract: Research has demonstrated that there are many factors that contribute to teacher workingconditions, however, there is no clear definition of what constitutes working conditions or howthese conditions impact teachers and students across different grade levels. Research in this areahas primarily focused on teacher job retention but not on how working conditions may impactteachers differently at different grade levels or how working conditions may be related to studentachievement. This study examined North Carolina public school teachers’ perceptions ofworking conditions, specifically in the domain of time, an area that has demonstratedconsistently negative feedback from teachers in North Carolina and across the country. Time isdefined by the available time to plan, collaborate, provide instruction, and eliminate barriers inorder to maximize instructional time during the school day (“North Carolina Teacher,”2010).Differences between teachers’ perceptions in the domain of time in relation to grade taught,specifically elementary (as measured by kindergarten through fifth grade) and middle (asmeasured by sixth through eighth grade) were examined by an independent samples t-test.Significant differences were reported for elementary and middle school teacher responses onquestions about class size, collaboration, interruptions, non-instructional time, paperwork andduties. No significant differences were reported for elementary and middle school teachers’responses in regard to instructional time on the 2012 North Carolina Teacher WorkingConditions Survey.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Elementary school teachers -- Time management -- North Carolina
Middle school teachers -- Time management -- North Carolina
Elementary school teachers -- North Carolina -- Attitudes
Middle school teachers -- North Carolina -- Attitudes
Work environment -- North Carolina -- Evaluation

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