Estimates of nuclear DNA content in red algal lineages

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Wilson Freshwater, Research Specialist (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
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Abstract: The red algae are an evolutionarily ancient group of predominantly marine organisms with an estimated 6000 species. Consensus higher-level molecular phylogenies support a basal split between the unicellular Cyanidiophytina and morphologically diverse Rhodophytina, the later subphylum containing most red algal species. The Rhodophytina is divided into six classes, of which five represent early diverging lineages of generally uninucleate species, whose evolutionary relationships are poorly resolved. The remaining species compose the large (27 currently recognized orders), morphologically diverse and typically multinucleate Florideophyceae. Nuclear DNA content estimates have been published for ,1 % of the described red algae. The present investigation summarizes the state of our knowledge and expands our coverage of DNA content information from 196 isolates of red algae. The DNA-localizing fluorochrome DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) and RBC (chicken erythrocytes) standards were used to estimate 2C values with static microspectrophotometry.Nuclear DNA contents are reported for 196 isolates of red algae, almost doubling the number of estimates available for these organisms. Present results also confirm the reported DNA content range of 0.1–2.8 pg, with species of Ceramiales, Nemaliales and Palmariales containing apparently polyploid genomes with 2C ¼ 2.8, 2.3 and 2.8 pg, respectively.Early diverging red algal lineages are characterized by relatively small 2C DNA contents while a wide range of 2C values is found within the derived Florideophyceae. An overall correlation between phylogenetic placement and 2C DNA content is not apparent; however, genome size data are available for only a small portion of red algae. Current data do support polyploidy and aneuploidy as pervasive features of red algal genome evolution.

Additional Information

Kapraun, D. F., & Freshwater, D. W. (2012). Estimates of nuclear DNA content in red algal lineages. AoB Plants, pls005. doi:10.1093/aobpla/pls005
Language: English
Date: 2012
Red algae, DNA
Red algae

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