Coping and self-efficacy as predictors of substance use during the first few critical months following substance abuse treatment completion

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Brett T. Hagman (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
Web Site:
Sally MacKain

Abstract: The literature suggests that the interaction between the exposure to high-risk situations, coping skills and self-efficacy underlie the relapse process. Research has also shown that self-efficacy is related to the avoidance of alcohol use and smoking and that high self-efficacy ratings exhibited during follow-up are associated with less substance use. The present study extended the existing research in these ways. First, self-efficacy was assessed in former substance abusers who had completed out-patient treatment at four follow-up points: 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, and 120 days post-discharge. The results revealed significant inverse correlations between self-efficacy and drug use at the 30 days, 60 days, and 90 days follow-up intervals. At the 30 day follow-up, there was a significant difference in the mean total perceived self-efficacy score between those who remain abstinent and those who do not remain abstinent. Lastly, there was a significant correlation between the number of successful coping strategies endorsed and number of days of primary drug use at the 30-day interval. To investigate more thoroughly the coping successes and failures of participants during the first four months post treatment, subjects were asked to describe high-risk situations they had encountered and coping strategies they employed. Responses were analyzed qualitatively and subsequently related to post-treatment drug use.

Additional Information

A thesis submitted to the University of North Carolina at Wilmington in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Arts
Language: English
Date: 2009
Self-efficacy, Substance abuse--Treatment
Substance abuse -- Treatment

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