Collierism and Communism in North Carolina: The American Indian Federation’s attack on the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 in the Qualla Boundary

UNCA Author/Contributor (non-UNCA co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Pierce Hall, Student (Creator)
University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA )
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Abstract: The Indian Reorganization Act attempted to allow Native tribes to return to traditional customs and save their cultures before being totally destroyed by assimilation. However, some saw the Act as an attempt by the Federal government to thwart the advancement of Native tribes, while others disapproved of the way in which they were saved from assimilation. One of the main groups opposed to the Indian New Deal was the American Indian Federation, who believed that by abolishing the Bureau of Indian Affairs and removing its commissioner, John Collier, Native Americans might finally be able to become equal citizens in a white world. This paper describes the Indian New Deal and how it and John Collier, the man at the forefront of its passage, impacted the Eastern Band of Cherokee. In particular, it focuses on how the Indian New Deal attempted to change the way of life for the Eastern Band, the motives of the American Indian Federation, and the extent to which they stopped Federal officials from successfully instating these new changes.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
Indian Reorganization Act, Eastern Band of Cherokee, Qualla Boundary, John Collier, American Indian Federation

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