Explaining intention to stop smoking with the theory of planned behavior and self-exempting beliefs

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Victoria Hutchins Bierman (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Carolyn Blue

Abstract: When healthcare providers smoke, their willingness to deliver smoking cessation messages is inhibited. Although they acknowledge the health consequences of smoking, they have difficulty quitting with relapse rates equivalent to the general population. Multiple barriers exist to hinder smoking cessation and often defense mechanisms are engaged to reduce cognitive dissonance associated with smoking. The purpose of this study was to examine beliefs and predict healthcare providers' intentions to quit smoking using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). To determine if these same healthcare providers engaged a cognitive dissonance reducing defense, self-exempting beliefs was selected as an additional predictor. The research was a descriptive correlational design using a survey method. The primary analyses included multiple linear regressions and a mediational analysis. A convenience sample of 90 adult self-identified smoking healthcare providers was recruited and 55% were nurses. The TPB explained 29% of the variability in intentions. Self-exempting beliefs was not statistically significant but the addition of the variable increased the explained variance by 2%. Perceived behavioral control was the only significant variable explaining 23% of this variance; suggesting the intention to quit would be greater by increasing one's sense of control over the beliefs that make quitting easier or more difficult.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2012
Perceived behavioral control, Self-exempting beliefs, Smoking cessation, Smoking healthcare providers, Theory of planned behavior, Tobacco use
Physicians $x Tobacco use $x Research
Nurses $x Tobacco use $x Research
Smoking cessation $x Psychological aspects $x Research

Email this document to