The relationship between age and performance on the Trail Making test in a Chilean population

UNCW Author/Contributor (non-UNCW co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jorge Gontier (Creator)
The University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW )
Web Site:
Antonio Puente

Abstract: According to literature, the Trail Making Test A-B is one of the most frequently used tests in the US. The TMT test has been adapted in different countries including France, Italy, Israel, Spain and Brazil. The relationship between TMT and age has also been studied in Chinese, Arabian, and Korean speakers. In South America as well as Chile, the Bender Gestalt continues to be the most frequently used “neuropsychological” test instrument. In order to ameliorate this situation, studies need to be completed that provide evidence of sensibility, adaptability, and normative information about commonly used tests, such as the Trail Making Test in Latino countries. The Trail Making Test, with instructions in Spanish (and available from the authors in written or video form), was administered by three independently licensed health professionals as part of their routine clinical activities. Subjects were 165 Chilean adults with ages ranging from 21 to 82 years and at least 12 years of education. Results corroborated the previous findings from other countries in which age was positively related to time in completing Trails A and B. Variability of performance in parts A and B 7of TMT was significantly accounted by age in 36% and 27% respectively. As a consequence, TMT appears to be a sensitive test to normal cognitive decline in Chilean Spanish speakers.

Additional Information

A Thesis Submitted to the University of North Carolina Wilmington in Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science
Language: English
Date: 2009
Cognition--Age factors, Cognition--Testing, Examinations--Reliability, Examinations--Validity, Neuropsychological tests, Neuropsychology--Chile--Testing
Neuropsychology -- Chile -- Testing
Examinations -- Validity
Examinations -- Reliability
Neuropsychological tests
Cognition -- Testing
Cognition -- Age factors

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