Predictors for Using a HIV Self-Test Among Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in North Carolina

ECU Author/Contributor (non-ECU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Carlos Amaya (Creator)
Greg Kearney (Creator)
Samantha Kinney (Creator)
Anna Kinsey (Creator)
C. Suzanne Lea (Creator)
East Carolina University (ECU )
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Abstract: Background: Approximately, two million migrant and seasonal farmworkers (MSF) work in the United States annually. Several factors, such as lack of access to healthcare services and health behaviors, contribute to risk of HIV transmission. Relatively few studies have explored MSF knowledge of HIV transmission and testing options. Methods: A 12-question, self-administered survey of farmworkers (n = 178) from 19 migrant camps was conducted. The survey assessed knowledge of factors related to HIV transmission, testing, and intention to use a HIV home-test kit. Results: Participants with knowledge of treatment for HIV (p = 0.03) and that condom use protects against HIV (p = 0.04) were more willing to express intent to use a home test kit than those with less knowledge. Concern among farmworkers that HIV was a very or somewhat serious problem in their community was associated with expressing intent to use a home test kit (OR = 2.3, 95% CI = 0.92–5.5). Respondents with less knowledge were less likely to use a home test kit. Conclusions: MSF were concerned about HIV in their community and would be willing to use to a home test kit. This pilot study provides a basis for additional research related to HIV testing within the MSF community.

Additional Information

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 12:7 p. 8348-8358
Language: English
Date: 2015
North Carolina, behavioral factors, survey, seasonal and migrant farmworkers, HIV Testing

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