Suicidal ideation among veterans through a lens of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide

WCU Author/Contributor (non-WCU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Katelyn McCreight (Creator)
Western Carolina University (WCU )
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Kia Asberg

Abstract: Suicide among veterans has reached an all-time high. Joiner’s Interpersonal-PsychologicalTheory of Suicide (IPTS) (Joiner, 2005; Van Orden et al., 2010) stipulates that the desire forsuicide is the highest when both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness arepresent, and acquired capability for suicide is critical in the development of suicidal behavior.The present thesis tested predictions from the model in a military veteran data set. Hypothesesderived from the IPTS were tested in a sample of 62 veterans (59 males and 3 females). Datawere archival (i.e., participants were recruited previously for a study on endocrinological- andpersonality factors as predictors of adjustment; see Bobadilla, Asberg, Johnson, and Shirtcliff,2014, for the original study). At the time of their participation, veterans were involved ininpatient substance use treatment at the Charles George Veterans Affairs Medical Center(CMVAMC) in Asheville, NC. Two semi-structured clinical interviews, the Mini-InternationalNeuropsychiatric Interview and the structured clinical interview for DSM disorders, (MINI,SCID-II) were completed to assess DSM-IV symptoms across a variety of disorders (e.g., majordepression, PTSD, personality disorders). Additionally, the Combat Experiences Scale, ameasure of self-reported experiences from combat, was utilized. The clinical and self-report data(i.e., items from the diagnostic interviews and the CES scales) were examined for symptomsassociated with any of the three constructs of the IPTS. Results were partially consistent with hypotheses. Limitations, suggestions for future research, and implications for IPTS will bediscussed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2015
interpersonal theory of suicide, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorder, suicide, veterans
Veterans -- Suicidal behavior -- United States
Veterans -- United States -- Psychology
Suicide -- Psychology

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