A social cognitive-based model for condom use among college students.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
William N Dudley, Professor Public Health Education (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Background: Social cognitive theory has been used extensively to explain health behaviors. Although the influence of one construct in this model—self-efficacy—has been well established, the role of other social cognitive constructs has not received as much attention in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention research. More complete understanding of how social cognitive constructs operate together to explain condom use behaviors would be useful in developing HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention programs for college students. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test a social cognitive–based model of condom use behaviors among college students. Methods: Data were collected from a sample of college students attending six different colleges and universities. Participants were 18 to 25 years of age, single, and sexually active. For the sample of 1,380 participants, the mean age was 20.6 years (SD = 1.76). Most participants reported having had vaginal intercourse (95.8%) and oral sex (86.5%); 16% reported anal sex. Findings: Self-efficacy was related directly to condom use behaviors and indirectly through its effect on outcome expectancies. As predicted, self-efficacy was related to anxiety, but anxiety was not related to condom use. Substance use during sexual encounters was related to outcome expectancies but not to condom use as predicted. Conclusions: Overall, the findings lend support to a condom use model based on social cognitive theory and provide implications for HIV interventions. Interventions that focus on self-efficacy are more likely to reduce anxiety related to condom use, increase positive perceptions about condoms, and increase the likelihood of adopting condom use behaviors.

Additional Information

Publication
Nursing Research, 49(4), 208-14
Language: English
Date: 2000
Keywords
Social cognitive theory, Self-efficacy, College students, Condom use, Sexual behavior