The link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder : risk and protective factors

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Laura K. Hennis Rhoads (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Arthur Anastopoulos

Abstract: "Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) has been viewed to be a potential precursor for further behavior problems, particularly Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). Because not every child with AD/HD develops this condition, factors may be present that protect these individuals who are at risk. The role of protective factors in the AD/HD population has largely been overlooked by prior research. The current study explored risk and protective factors that influence an ODD outcome within an AD/HD population. An ethnically mixed clinical sample of 60 boys (mean age = 9.3 years) and their mothers served as participants. As expected, both risk and protective factors emerged as significant predictors of oppositional-defiant behavior. Consistent with prior research on parenting style, a higher level of corporal punishment was associated with higher levels oppositional-defiant behaviors, whereas higher levels of child adaptability, intrapersonal skills, and involvement in family/community were associated with low levels of these behaviors. Categorical analysis found that impulsive symptoms served as a risk factor and child adaptability and intrapersonal skills served as protective factors, predicting with 85% accuracy which children had a co-occurring diagnosis of ODD and which did not. This study provides evidence for the importance of examining both risk and protective factors in a clinical AD/HD population with respect to comorbid disruptive behavior disorders. Implications for the assessment and treatment of children with AD/HD were discussed."--Abstract from author supplied metadata.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2006
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, precursor, behavior problems, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
Oppositional defiant disorder in children
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Email this document to