What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California's Nox Trading Program.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Stephen P. Holland, Associate Professor (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: An advantage of cap-and-trade programs over more prescriptive environmental regulation is that compliance flexibility and cost effectiveness can make more stringent emissions reductions politically feasible. However, when markets (versus regulators) determine where emissions occur, it becomes more difficult to assure that mandated emissions reductions are equitably achieved. We investigate these issues in the context of Southern California’s RECLAIM program by matching facilities in RECLAIM with similar California facilities also in nonattainment areas. Our results indicate that average emissions fell 20 percent at RECLAIM facilities relative to our counterfactual. Furthermore, observed changes in emissions do not vary significantly with neighborhood demographic characteristics.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2012
emissions markets, emissions, cap and trade emissions programs, emissions reduction, environmental regulation, southern california, economics

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