Helenalin-mediated Post-transcriptional Regulation of p21(Cip1) Inhibits 3T3-L1 Preadipocyte Proliferation

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Robin Hopkins, Researcher (Creator)
Ron F. Morrison, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: We have previously shown that post-transcriptional mechanisms involving the 26S proteasome regulate the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs), p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1) during preadipocyte proliferation. Earlier studies further demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic phytochemical, helenalin is a potent inhibitor of periodic Skp2 accumulation, an F-box protein mediating SCF E3 ligase ubiquitylation and degradation of both CKIs during S phase progression. Data presented here demonstrate that helenalin dose-dependently induced G1 arrest of synchronously replicating 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. This effect occurred in the absence of discernable indices of cell toxicity or apoptosis under the conditions used in this study. Our results demonstrate that helenalin markedly increased p21 protein accumulation in both density-arrested and proliferating preadipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. This increase in p21 protein abundance occurred without change in mRNA transcript demonstrating that post-transcriptional mechanisms were involved. This notion was further supported by the modest accumulation of polyubiquitylated p21 following treatment with helenalin suggesting that suppression of targeted p21 proteolysis by the 26S proteasome contributed to helenalin-mediated p21 accumulation. The increase in p21 protein was compartmentalized to the nucleus where p21 is known to inhibit cell cycle progression. Finally, helenalin increased protein-protein interactions between p21 and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) which may account in part for the anti-proliferative effect in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 105, 913-921
Language: English
Date: 2008
Keywords
adipocytes, obesity, cell cycle, proliferation