Acquisition and Generalization of Leisure Skills From School to the Home and Community by Learners with Severe Multihandicaps

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Stuart J. Schleien, Professor & Chair (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: This study demonstrated the acquisition and generalization of leisure skills, social interactions, and appropriate and cooperative play behaviors by two children with severe multi-handicaps. The leisure skill program occurred in an elementary school. Systematic training procedures, incorporating task analysis, error correction, and contingent reinforcement (i.e., behavior specific positive feedback), were implemented by the leisure skill instructors in school. Parents of children with severe multihandicaps received instructional training on the systematic training procedures and then provided additional instruction to their children at home. The results, gathered using a multiple-baseline design across behaviors and replicated across children, indicated that chronologically age-appropriate leisure skills (i.e., Toss Across; Flash, The Electronic Arcade Game; Simon) were learned by the children. Furthermore, additional training by parents facilitated acquisition of skills, generalization to the home, and maintenance across time.

Additional Information

Publication
Therapeutic Recreation Journal
Language: English
Date: 1988
Keywords
Age Appropriate, Community Recreation, Generalization, Integration, Leisure Skills, Parent/Home training, Social Interaction, Severe Multihandicapped, Therapeutic Recreation