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Response initiation and directionality as factors influencing avoidance performance.

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Douglas Wahlsten, Visiting Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: In 3 experiments it was found that permitting rats to run in either of 2 directions to avoid shock (any-way training) resulted in performance superior to that of 1-way or 2-way avoidance. Moreover, in the any-way condition subjects often selected a bidirectional mode of responding. Exposure to signaled inescapable shock enhanced avoidance in all avoidance modes. Finally, any-way training enhanced subsequent 2-way avoidance to a greater extent than did 1-way training. Results were interpreted in terms of the need to learn directional responses in avoidance training, role of response initiation in modifying avoidance behavior, and the effectiveness of running responses in determining avoidance performance.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1974, 87, 1119-1128.
Language: English
Date: 1974
Keywords
Rats, Avoidance, Learning, Training, Conditioning