Effortful control and internalizing behaviors: clarifying conceptualization and examining social competence as a mediating mechanism

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Jessica A. Moore (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/
Susan P. Keane

Abstract: The goal of the present research was to clarify conceptual issues in the assessment of effortful control in children and to examine the role of effortful control in the development of internalizing behaviors. Effortful control was assessed through both inhibition and activation components. Differential patterns of these abilities were examined in relation to subsequent internalizing problems. Furthermore, social competence was examined as a possible mechanism through which effortful control may influence internalizing behaviors. Children were assessed at 4-, 5.5- and 7.5-years on measures of inhibition/activation, social competence and internalizing behaviors. Results showed main effects for inhibition and activation on internalizing behaviors and supported a main effect for activation ability on kindergarten social competence ratings. Implications for future research examining effortful control and social and emotional outcomes were discussed.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 2008
Effortful control, Internalizing behaviors, Middle childhood
Self-control in children $x Psychological aspects.
Locus of control $x Social aspects.
Social skills in children.
Child development.
Personality development.
Self-perception in children.

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