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Measuring Postinjury Depression Among Male and Female Competitive Athletes

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Renee Newcomer Appaneal, Assistant Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Depression is common among athletes following sport injury, yet few studies have explored the severity of postinjury depression. Among those studies, only one examined gender differences although women in the general population are more likely than men to experience depression. No research to date has used interviews to assess depression despite their standard use among mental health professionals. In a quasiexperimental design, we used a self-report checklist and a clinical interview to compare depression among male and female athletes at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postinjury. Results revealed significant effects of group (injured vs. control) and time (since injury), and these effects were different for the two depression measures. We also explored the sensitivity and specificity of the user-rated checklist in identifying severely depressed athletes compared with the interview. Findings underscore the importance of multimodal approaches and clinical judgment when evaluating athletes’ postinjury depression symptoms.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2009, 31, 60-76
Language: English
Date: 2009
Keywords
measurement, major depressive disorder, mental health, sport injury, psychological response