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Overweight and Obesity Are Associated with Emotion- and Stress-Related Eating as Measured by the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Questionnaire

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Michael A. Perko, Associate Professor (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Objective Identify if constructs from the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Model, including Emotion and Stress Related Eating, Appraisal of Ability and Resources to Cope, and Appraisal of Outside Influ-ences and Stressors, were related to overweight and obesity. Design Data were collected from a cross-sectional study using the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Questionnaire. Subjects/Setting Convenience sample from a southeastern public university, including staff and faculty (n=822) with ages ranging from 18 to 83 years and 55.8% of the sample being overweight or obese. Statistical analysis performed Total sum scores were given to each construct and converted to quartiles. Lower quartiles represented higher stress- or emotion-related eating and more compromised appraisal skills or resources to cope. X2 Analyses were used to identify variables associated with overweight and obesity. Forward stepwise logistic regression (n=783) was used to identify the independent association of each significant variable with overweight and obesity. Results A model including race, sex, life stage, and job category as covariates, with a cumulative R2 of 0.075 was produced. Emotion- and Stress-Related Eating remained in the model during stepwise regression producing a cumulative R2=0.265. Individuals scoring in the lowest quartiles for Emotion- and Stress-Related Eating were 13.38 times more likely to be overweight or obese, compared with individuals scoring in the highest quartiles. Conclusions The Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Model construct of Emotion- and Stress-Re-lated Eating as measured by the Eating and Appraisal Due to Emotions and Stress Questionnaire can be used to assess nontraditional factors that contribute to overweight and obesity.

Additional Information

Publication
Overweight and Obesity are Associated with Emotion or Stress Relating Eating and Appraisal of Ability and Resources to Cope. Eades, A. D., Kendrick, O, Leeper, J. D., Knol, L., Perko, M. A., & Burnham, (2008) Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 108(1), 49-56
Language: English
Date: 2008
Keywords
Overweight, Obesity, Stress, Stress eating, Evaluation