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Globus Pallidus: A target brain region for divalent metal accumulation due to dietary iron deficiency

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Keith M. Erikson, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies (Creator)
Institution
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: Recently, iron deficiency has been connected with a heterogeneous accumulation of manganese in the rat brain. The striatum is particularly vulnerable, for there is a significant negative correlation between accumulated manganese and y-aminobutyric acid levels. The effect of dietary iron deficiency on the distribution of zinc and copper, two other divalent metals with essential neurobiological roles, is relatively unexplored. Thus, the primary goal of this study was to examine the effect of manipulating dietary iron and manganese levels on the concentrations of copper, iron, manganese and zinc in five rat brain regions as determined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. Because divalent metal transporter has been implicated as a transporter of brain iron, manganese, and to a lesser extent zinc and copper, another goal of the study was to measure brain regional changes in transporter levels using Western blot analysis. As expected, there was a significant effect of iron deficiency (P < 0.05) on decreasing iron concentrations in the cerebellum and caudate putamen; and increasing manganese concentrations in caudate putamen, globus pallidus and substantia nigra. Furthermore, there was a significant effect of iron deficiency (P < 0.05) on increasing zinc concentration and a statistical trend (P = 0.08) toward iron deficiency–induced copper accumulation in the globus pallidus. Transporter protein in all five regions increased due to iron deficiency compared to control levels (P < 0.05); however, the globus pallidus and substantia nigra revealed the greatest increase. Therefore, the globus pallidus appears to be a target for divalent metal accumulation that is associated with dietary iron deficiency, potentially caused by increased transporter protein levels.

Additional Information

Publication
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 15(6):335-341
Language: English
Date: 2004
Keywords
Rat, Iron deficiency, Brain, Striatum, Zinc, Manganese