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Women And Cigarette Smoking: Does Amount Of Weight Gain Following A Failed Quit Attempt Affect Social Disapproval?

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Lisa Curtin Grizzard Ph.D., Professor, Associate Director of Research (Creator)
Denise Martz-Ludwig Ph.D., Professor, Graduate Programs Coordinator (Creator)
Institution
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: http://www.library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: This study examined the perception of social attractiveness and approval of smoking in a vignette of an American college female smoker after a failed quit attempt. It was hypothesized that she would be perceived more favorably when she was smoking to control her weight, compared to a non-weight related excuse during a failed quit attempt. The design was a 2 (gender: male vs. female)×4 (condition: control, 5, 10, 20 lb gain)×3 (participants' smoking status: never, former, or current smoker) factorial design with the Social Attraction Index and Perception of Smoking Index as dependent variables. Contrary to the hypothesis, perceptions of the female were not affected by her disclosed amount of weight gain. However, consistent with the literature on stigmatization of smokers, smoking participants perceived the female target as most socially attractive and nonsmokers perceived her to be the least attractive

Additional Information

Publication
Knauss, F., Martz, D., Parker, A., Curtin, L., & Pai, S. (2005). Women and cigarette smoking: Does amount of weight gain following a failed quit attempt affect social disapproval? Addictive Behaviors, 30, 643-651. ISSN: 0306-4603 Version of record published by Elsevier - DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.08.010
Language: English
Date: 2005