False Memory 1/20th Of A Second Later: What The Early Onset Of Boundary Extension Reveals About Perception

ASU Author/Contributor (non-ASU co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Chris Dickinson Ph.D., Associate Professor (Creator)
Appalachian State University (ASU )
Web Site: https://library.appstate.edu/

Abstract: Errors of commission are thought to be caused by heavy memory loads, confusing information, lengthy retention intervals, or some combination of these factors. We report false memory beyond the boundaries of a view, boundary extension, after less than 1/20th of a second. Photographs of scenes were interrupted by a 42-ms or 250-ms mask, 250 ms into viewing, before reappearing or being replaced with a different view (Experiment 1). Postinterruption photographs that were unchanged were rated as closer up than the original views; when the photographs were changed, the same pair of closer-up and wider-angle views was rated as more similar when the closer view was first, rather than second. Thus, observers remembered preinterruption views with extended boundaries. Results were replicated when the interruption included a saccade (Experiment 2). The brevity of these interruptions has implications for visual scanning; it also challenges the traditional distinction between perception and memory. We offer an alternative conceptualization that shows how source monitoring can explain false memory after an interruption briefer than an eyeblink.

Additional Information

Intraub, H., & Dickinson, C. A. (2008). False Memory 1/20th of a Second Later: What the Early Onset of Boundary Extension Reveals About Perception. Psychological Science, 19(10), 1007–1014. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02192.x. Publisher version of record available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02192.x
Language: English
Date: 2008
Boundary extension, Visual scanning, False memory, Memory

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