Fluorescence, circular dichroism, NMR, and docking studies of the interaction of the alkaloid malbrancheamide with calmodulin

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Mario Figueroa Saldivar, Adjunct Faculty (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site: http://library.uncg.edu/

Abstract: A new malbrancheamide analogue, isomalbrancheamide B (3), along with three known compounds, malbrancheamide (1), isomalbrancheamide (2), and premalbrancheamide (4), were isolated in higher yields from the alkaloid fraction of the fungus Malbranchea aurantiaca. The interaction of the alkaloids 1–4 with calmodulin (CaM) was analyzed using different enzymatic, fluorescence, spectroscopic, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and molecular modelling techniques. On the basis of the enzymatic and fluorescence experiments, malbrancheamides 1–3 are classical CaM inhibitors. Compound 4, however, did not quench the extrinsic fluorescence of the CaM biosensor indicating that it could be a functional inhibitor. Circular dichroism, NMR, and molecular modelling studies revealed that 1 binds to CaM in the same hydrophobic pocket than the chlorpromazine and trifluoperazine, two classical CaM inhibitors. Thus, malbrancheamide and related monochlorinated analogues are compounds with a high potential for the development of new therapeutic agents, involving CaM as their molecular target.

Additional Information

Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry, 26 (3), pp. 378-385
Language: English
Date: 2010
Malbranchea aurantiaca, calmodulin, fluorescence, circular dichroism, NMR titration, docking

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