The formulation of a Q-sort to assess body-image of high school girls

UNCG Author/Contributor (non-UNCG co-authors, if there are any, appear on document)
Cynthia Ellen Wiese (Creator)
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG )
Web Site:
Pearl Berlin

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to design a 60-item, forced-choice Q-sort to assess the body-image of high school girls. Two classes of high school girls enrolled at Ben L. Smith High School in Greensboro, North Carolina were interviewed concerning the perceptions they had about their own bodies. These responses were utilized in the construction of the original pool of one-hundred body-image statements. The statements were submitted to a seven member jury of experts for evaluation. The jury rated the 100 statements as to their appropriateness for measuring some specific aspect of body-image. Seventy-one statements were judged as acceptable by at least six of the judges. From those, sixty statements were chosen for inclusion in the final form of the body-image Q-sort. The 60-item Q-sort was then administered to 162 eleventh and twelveth grade girls enrolled in the five public senior high schools of the Rockford Public Schools in Rockford, Illinois. Statement means, standard deviations, standard errors and range values were computed for each of the sixty statements of the Q-sort from the subjects' responses. Reliability was established for the instrument utilizing a test-retest method of correlation. Twenty pairs of scores were analyzed using a BMD 02D statistical computer program based on a Pearson Product Moment data formula. The reliability coefficient obtained for the instrument was .6927.

Additional Information

Language: English
Date: 1976

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